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林超伦实战口译 Unit1-6




单元1 中英论坛讲话11-00:43

It is a real pleasure to be here to open the third meeting of our forum and to be welcoming such a distinguished and influential group of people from both our countries, many of whom are now old friends. The forum aims to represent the strength of the relationship between our two countries outside the political relationship and looking round today it is clear that the relationship is very strong indeed.


It is a sign for me that the forum goes from strength to strength and I believe it is playing a key role in the relations between our two countries as confirmed by the Prime Minister in our call on him this morning. This year, we have taken the theme "The Challenge of Globalization" for our meetings and discussions. This theme has a particular resonance for me.


On 11th September, I, along with a number of world statesmen, was in Beijing to discuss China and the World in the 21st Century. None of us could possibly have known as we debated economic development, environmental change and security issues what was going to happen that day. But many of the speakers warned of the fragility of the world order. It made me realize more clearly than at any other time just how very important "understanding" between the nations of the world is.

Our Forum, and the discussions we will have in the next day and a half, are part of this vital process of understanding. Globalization is a challenge for all of us, both developed and developing countries and we have a lot to share and learn. As globalization increases and as all our countries come to terms with the global reach of many industries, we can, as different nations, work together to understand the issues and effects these developments bring.

These opportunities can only be grasped by people. People talking, travelling, exchanging ideas and experiences. And that is what we are here today to do. Our discussions here will centre around a number of very interesting issues: trade and the environment in the globalization of the economy, Chinese culture facing the world, e-learning and e-commerce, balancing public purposes and commercial interests in the media, and China after WTO to name but a few.


As far as I can see, joining the WTO presents a huge challenge for China. The requirements of joining WTO for corporate governance, for transparency and for reliable and enforceable laws, whilst producing some pain in the short term, will no doubt be part of the way in which economic growth can be encouraged and sustained. I personally am much looking forward to my own involvement in the discussions on small and medium sized enterprises.


China's decision to embrace the dynamism of the private sector brings up the role small firms can play in achieving rapid growth and innovation. They are, and can be, a significant engine for economic development. So we have much work to do in our forum. We want to show our Chinese friends how much of a partner the UK can be but also that as a sign of a mature and true relationship, we can afford to be frank and open in our discussions with one another.


This will be particularly true in the sessions on issues of competitiveness and corporate governance that will be held tomorrow. We are building on discussions and relationships that are already well founded and I believe that this forum will take the special role that our meeting plays in the relations between our two countries further forward.


单元2 中英论坛讲话2 1-05:43


We are meeting our British friends once again by the beautiful River Thames, for our third conference. On behalf of the Chinese delegates, I'd like to thank our British colleagues for your invitation and your excellent programme. Since last year's conference, China has undergone yet more changes.

尽管当前国际经济形势并不理想,但是中国的经济仍然保持了较高的增长速度。前9个月工业增长10.3% ,农村经济仍然繁荣。还有一个方面使中国人民高兴:外资企业仍然大量到中国寻求发展。

Although the world economy isn't doing well, the Chinese economy has continued to grow at a relatively high rate. In the first 9 months, industrial output grew by 10.3%. The rural economy continues to prosper. There is something else that the Chinese people are happy about. Foreign companies continue to come to China in large numbers.


From January to September, 18,580 foreign direct investment projects were approved, with direct investment worth 49.347 billion dollars, of which 32.2 billion dollars has been utilized. This is an increase of 20.66% on last year. In the first 3 quarters of this year, the Chinese economy grew at a rate of 7.6%.


Increasing domestic demand is the key to maintaining high growth and a healthy economy. After WTO entry, China will bring its own practices in line with the international market and will open up further.


We believe that a market as big as 1.3 billion people will provide substantial impetus to the world economy. China will continue its large-scale infrastructure programme, upgrade its industrial equipment and improve agricultural production as well as its processing capability.


All of the above requires an environment of international cooperation. In the next 10 years, China will import about 3,000 billion dollars of equipment, technology and products. That is a massive market with huge commercial opportunities. After WTO entry, weaker industries in China will face serious challenges.


There are still many problems to be solved in environment, in energy, in water resources, in the reform of the economic system, in the development of the northwest, and in reducing the gap between the rich and the poor. China has thrown its door wide open, and reached out with open arms, welcoming UK as well as other countries in the world to continue to cooperate for our mutual benefit. The development of a partnership between China and the UK requires a healthy and stable political relationship between the two countries.


Expanding economic and trade cooperation and cooperation in other fields are conducive to the development of a bilateral political relationship. It is beneficial to the interests of our two peoples. I hope all our friends at this conference will make joint efforts, to continue to contribute to the comprehensive development of the Sino-UK relationship.

单元3 英中30年讲话(英音) 1-10:08

In the space of a single generation, relations between the United Kingdom and the People's Republic of China have been transformed. Government-to-government and business-to-business links are closer and more varied than ever before. But the most exciting changes have been in the links between the British and Chinese peoples. Chinese communities have long existed as a respected and cherished presence in British cities.


But today, more and more British people are visiting China to see for themselves the new dynamism of great cities like Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou. We are re-discovering China's incomparably rich cultural heritage, as well as its immense economic potential. The Chinese are re-discovering Britain, too. We are delighted to welcome more Chinese visitors to our country each year. Many more Chinese are finding out about Britain through modern media like television and the Internet.

Indeed, there are more Chinese people learning the English language than there are native speakers of English in the world today. This growing relationship is measurable, too, in financial terms. British firms now have a huge presence in China, a sign of their confidence in the country and its future. The UK is the largest European investor, and a British company, BP, is investing more capital in China than any other foreign firm. The largest foreign manufacturing investment in Western China is also British.

The UK is China's second largest European trading partner. British exports to China last year, at £3.72 billion were up 17% on the year 2000. China's exports to Britain are at an all-time high. Many Chinese enterprises now regard Britain's flexible and open economy has an ideal launching pad into the wider European market. All this is a far cry from 1972, when the UK and the PRC first exchanged Ambassadors. Then, there were virtually no Chinese students in Britain. Today, there are over 20,000--one of the largest overseas communities at our universities.

Then, there were no direct air services between Beijing and London. This year, more than a quarter of a million British tourists will travel to China. Then, no serving British Prime Minister or Foreign Secretary had ever visited China. Last year, there were visits from eleven British ministers. The changing nature of international relations requires governments to work ever more closely together for their mutual benefit. In the globalised world economy, the security and prosperity of individual countries often depends on events beyond our borders.

We are interdependent as well as independent. Challenges such as fighting environmental damage, ensuring global human rights are properly observed, removing barriers to trade and investments, and reducing poverty, have become truly global issues. They loom larger on the agendas of multilateral organizations like the UN, the WTO and ASEM. In the 21st century, bilateral relations between countries will depend on progress on issues like these.


As two of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council, our governments work together on a daily basis on problems affecting every corner of the world. Another change in the relationship between Britain and China has been developments in Hong Kong. I am delighted that Hong Kong has prospered since 1997, and that "On Country, Two Systems" is proving such an effective approach.


As a signatory of the Joint Declaration, the UK has an abiding interest in the continued well-being of the Special Administrative Region. But this is only a part of our wider commitment to China. We are increasing the resources we allocate through our Department for International Development to poverty reduction in China from £25m this year to £60m by 2004.


单元4 中国经济介绍 1-16:00


Our economy is doing really well. The internal mechanism for economic growth has been strengthened. We have, to a large extent, struck the right balance between speed, quality and economic benefit. But it is also clear to us that there are no countries in the world that can perpetuate an economic boom and high-speed growth. China won't be an exception.


The achievements of the reform have been there for all to see. But, as the economic climate changes, there are now new problems. These include the reform of the state-owned enterprises, substantial unemployment, the polarization of income, corruption, risks in the financial sector and ecological and environmental damage. All of them require our immediate attention and effective solutions in the shortest time possible.

Personally, I believe China needs to pay attention to the following areas. One, we must provide guidance more forcefully using economic and legal means in the property development market, restrict blind development in up-market properties, and to promote the construction of economical and practical properties. Two, we must monitor international as well as domestic economic development closely so as to be able to respond quickly.

Three, we must strengthen the regulation of the automobile and steel industries, reigning in low-grade repetitive construction and disorderly competition. We need to stop overheating in some sectors from spreading while at the same time encouraging rational elements in our economic growth. This is an issue of maintaining the right balance.

Whilst we need to regulate the overheating of investment in some sectors, we need to take measures to solve the problem of supply falling further behind demand in others. Four, we need to coordinate our efforts to solve the problem of severe shortages of power supply in some regions. We must improve the management of water resources and seek to reduce water shortages in some regions. At the same time, we must accelerate the reform of water pricing in cities and rural areas.

Five, we must continue our campaign to have a corruption free government. We are starting with the State Council, to set an example of conduct, to ensure that our government is well co-coordinated, fair and transparent, uncorrupted and highly efficient. These measures demonstrate our determination to clear the road ahead, the road to economic growth.

China is still poor. Based on the official poverty threshold of 600 yuan, we still have over 20 million people living in poverty. That's using China's criteria. Based on the UN's threshold of one dollar per person per day, we have over 100 million people living in poverty.

China's total debt is about 13,000 billion yuan, the equivalent of 1.3 times of our GDP. This is a considerable burden. On the other hand, challenges brought by our WTO entry are also difficult tasks. The financial reform in China must speed up to be ready for international competition. On the whole, I'm optimistic about China achieving over 7% growth a year.

单元5 新车推出仪式(美音) 1-20:26

Good morning everybody. And welcome to the launch of our new L50, and to this presentation. In a way, launch is no longer the correct word. Many of you have already had a chance to get to know the new car in your test drive this morning. So, I will not dwell on the technical capabilities of thsi car. What I would like to do is to share with you the thoughts that have gone into developing this new model so that you'll have a better idea of why it's such an exciting car to drive.


I will also talk a bit about what has been happening in our company--the direction we are heading, our strategy, and our ambitions. After that, I'll talk about some of the major stages in our design and development of this model. After this presentation, we'll have lunch, which is served in the main conference hall. Our chef has promised a few surprises. I'm as curious as you are about what these might be. But, back to the presentation.


Our new L50 is the first in a family of new cars to be launched this year and in the next couple of years. It is the result of the most ambitious investment in our company's history--£125 million, in design and development, in production capabilities, in sales network and in our own people. The investment is based on our understanding of the market and our goal for the future. So what are they then?


We want to sell 800,000 cars a year for the next 5 years. So far this year, we've already sold 560,000, and congratulations to those of you that have contributed to this success. This represents nearly 20% increase over the previous year at a time when the market has declined by nearly 10%. Much of the increased sales have come from the commitment and dedication of our dealers and our staff. Thank you and well done.


The launch of this L50 will mark the beginning of a series of launches, giving us a full range of new cars, 3-door, 5-door, estate, diesel, and from 1 liter all the way up to our luxury 2 liter saloons. A convertible and a 4-wheel drive are also in the final design stage. With this new family, we'll be able to compete robustly with any competitor in US, and will be able to take on the EU market too. But products alone are not enough.


We've put substantial amount of money and effort into upgrading our retail operation, into our dealer network and into our own sales force. This is built on our in-depth knowledge of our customers, what they want and what they need. It is based on the strength of our brand. If you visit one of our re-branded showrooms, you'll get a strong impression of our brand and what we stand for. We are taking market shares from our competitors. We are on target to take even more.
We believe that the most effective way of getting more customers and growing our business is by new cars. Not just any new cars. It has to be new cars that re-enforce our brand value. Having test driven the L50, I'm sure you will all agree with me that the new L50 is exactly that--an embodiment of performance, safety, and functionality. These are the core elements of our brand value. These are the features that have caught the attention of media across Europe. These will be repeated in each and every new member of the family.

That's all I'd like to say at this stage. My colleagues will now take you through some of te highlights in the design and development. This is a short video we produced just before this launch. It is meant to answer some questions .What is the thinking behind this development? How do we translate concepts into a new model? How does our core value influence the thinking of people on the factory floor and in showrooms? Ladies and gentlemen, the new L50.

单元6 中国金融介绍 1-24:42


Today, I'd like to talk about the financial reform in China. China has achieved a great deal in the Ninth Five-Year Plan, but we still have a lot to do. Given that time is short, I won't try to cover everything, but to put forward a few ideas that I feel quite strongly about, some food for thought.


After WTO entry, the transition period is not much more than 2 years. China, within this short time, must complete its strategic set-up in preparation for the entry of foreign competitors. We must complete the reform of the wholly state-owned commercial banks, and help qualified commercial banks to seek listings in the stock market. We need to ride the wave of financial globalization.


In my view, during the Tenth Five-Year Plan, China must break up the handful of wholly state-owned commercial banks into a greater number of share-owned commercial banks. The People's Bank of China will remain the central bank. We should begin to consider allowing the establishment of provincial level banks. Each bank will be an independent legal person.

China must improve the structural reform of its commercial banks. I particularly want to see better training for managers and improvement in their skills. I would suggest here that we learn from banks in developed countries and produce a generation of Chinese managers that know themselves and their competitors equally well.

I recommend early piloting of comprehensive services, allowing pilot financial institutions to operate in areas common among foreign commercial banks, to offer a wide range of services to customers. The selection of pilot banks must be based on their performance in recent years, their strength, and their success in the financial reform.


The new business areas may include the launch of new loan products, according to the market principle of supply and demand, so as to meet the requirements of economic and social development. Mortgages over recent years are an excellent example. In addition, banks in developed countries offer insurance and personal investment services. That's also worth considering.


Linked to this, China must establish the market mechanism for interest on loans as soon as possible, to allow commercial banks to decide on their own floating interest rates by taking into account the base rate from the central bank, and their own operations in the market as well as their own interests. This is not just an issue of banking reform. It will greatly improve the services banks offer to consumers, stimulating economic growth.
We must rationalize our regulatory system. The regulator must have the capacity to regulate comprehensive services. It must also be able to recognize the nature of business of each bank and treat them accordingly. That is to say, the regulator must be able to treat different commercial banks differently. Under the current circumstances, I don't think the wholly state-owned commercial banks are ready for comprehensive services.

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