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林超伦实战口译 Unit7-12




单元7 英国金融体系(英音) 2-00:08

Traditionally HM Treasury, along with the Bank of England, has been responsible for deciding all aspects of the UK's economic and financial policy. Following the 1997 election, in which the Labor Party came to power, the macroeconomic policy framework has been reformed. The aim of this reform is to help provide a framework for improved macroeconomic stability and economic growth.

I would like to explain the key features of the UK economic policy framework, identify the key institutions, their leaders and their main responsibilities. There are three main institutions. The first is HM Treasury which is responsible for the overall economic framework and for fiscal policy in particular. It is led by the Chancellor, Gordon Brown who is an elected politician.

He is supported by 4 junior ministers with specific responsibilities, who are also elected politicians. The Ministers receive advice from three main sources: civil servants, political advisers. And for some specific projects, business leaders also prepare advice. Fiscal policy is decided through two main processes: the budget and the spending review process.

The budget is presented each spring to Parliament. It sets out tax policy for the year. Since 1997 there has also been a pre-budget report. This explains progress and suggests some ideas for discussion. Later in the Spring Budget a decision is made. Spending policy is decided every three years. There are two main elements of spending policy. Both are decided at the same time.

One, the amount of money which each department receives and two, using this money, targets each department will achieve. For example for the Education Department a target for how many children pass exams. The second main institution is the Bank of England. It is led by someone non-political; at the moment, Eddie George. In 1997 it was given full independence to set interest rates. A committee, which includes a Treasury civil servant, makes the decision.


The level of interest rates is set in order to achieve a certain rate of inflation. This target rate is decided by the Chancellor. Therefore although the bank can decide the level of interest rates without any interference, the macroeconomic position is guided by an elected politician who is responsible to the country. The Bank also deals in the foreign exchange market.


Finally, the Financial Services Authority is responsible for monitoring and regulating the financial services industry. It has four main aims. One, maintaining confidence in the UK financial system. They supervise stock exchanges. Two, promoting public understanding of the financial system. They help consumers to become informed consumers, so that they can manage their financial affairs more effectively.


Three, securing the right degrees of protection for consumers. They monitor how firms and individuals are meeting standards. Where serious problems arise they investigate and, if appropriate, discipline or prosecute those that have violated rules. Four, helping to reduce financial crime. Their work focuses on three main types of financial crime: money laundering; fraud, and criminal market misconduct such as insider dealing.


单元8 中国电讯行业 2-04:37


First of all, I would like to welcome you to this presentation. As you know, China has become a member of the WTO. In accordance with the agreement, China will gradually lift its restrictions on the telecommunications infrastructure market and the value-adding market, allowing foreign companies to invest directly in China or to set up joint ventures.


The telecommunications market in China has enormous potentials. The mobile phone market alone will be worth no less than 150 billion yuan. It is estimated that the telecommunications industry, the telecommunications infrastructure network and user equipment, just the three of them combined, will be worth at least 1,500 billion yuan by 2005. The growth potential of the market can be seen in many ways.


One, the number of telecommunications users continues to grow. Every year, we need to provide a large amount of user equipment for new users. Not only that, existing users need to upgrade their equipment too. The growth of users in turn requires networks and the infrastructure to expand, upgrade and improve, driving the demand for network equipment and the construction of network-related facilities.


Two, as telecommunications is a very profitable business, some non-telecommunication companies are also itching to have a piece of the action. Companies in the value-adding and computer network business are particularly keen to enter the telecommunications market. Further liberalization will bring opportunities to these companies. This will make it a new area for foreign investment in the very near future.


Three, telecommunication technology is developing fast. New technology and new equipment are introduced all the time. The international telecommunications manufacturing industry is attracted by relatively high quality and yet cheap labor in China. The manufacturing of telecommunications user equipment and network equipment in China is beginning to show its supremacy. As telecom and network facilities continue to develop and upgrade, there will be numerous opportunities in manufacturing.


Four, after several stages of reform, there are now China Unicom, China Railcom, China Telecom, China Netcom, China Mobile and China Satellite, the six main players. They are all keen to become stronger, keen to attract foreign investment, offering foreign capital a fast-track entry into the Chinese market.


The telecommunications industry in China has accumulated fast capital for over a decade. It's highly profitable and will provide sufficient finance for joint ventures. In 2005, investment in telecommunications infrastructure and network facilities in China will exceed 250 billion yuan. That includes not only new equipment and new facilities, but also the maintenance and repair of existing equipment.


Of course, the lifting of control will take place in stages. But there will be fewer and fewer restrictions. Many people are describing the telecommunications market in China as a goldmine for foreign investment. In the past decade, foreign investment in China's telecommunications market has been richly rewarded. So, I hope you won't hold back any more. When the market is completely open, the best opportunities may have been snatched up by others.

单元9 威尔士宴会讲话(英音) 2-08:53

Your Excellencies, distinguished guests, my lords, ladies and gentlemen, it is with great pleasure that I welcome you tonight to this magnificent castle. We warmly welcome you and your distinguished delegation to Wales. Wales is a small country compared with China. However, the Welsh people have made a significant contribution to the development of the United Kingdom and to the part the UK has played throughout the world.

Welsh companies make an important contribution to the United Kingdom economy. Some are represented here this evening. Many already trade with China. Many more would like to do so. This is one aspect of the growing relationship between our two countries. China is a focal point for trade and investment from Wales. Wales' exports to China are valued at over £250 million. It's good, but not good enough. I would encourage Welsh companies to do better.


I would also ask you, Mr. Chairman, to help increase the awareness of Wales among Chinese companies, particularly among Chinese companies that are considering their first move into Europe. Fr many years, Wales has been one of the most popular destinations for foreign investment in Europe. Investors in Wales have brought over £12 billion into the country and continue to reinvest once established.

Investors are not limited to US and Europe. Many companies from the Far East have chosen to establish their European operations here. Our Welsh Development Agency has set up an office in China. It demonstrates our commitment to your country. Meanwhile, Welsh companies are increasingly focused on outward investment and establishing joint ventures with partners in China. China's accession to the World Trade Organization will present new opportunities for both our economies.

Developing special relationships with China is something to which we attach great importance, not only through trade but in other areas such as science, education and justice. Recently, the Welsh Science Mission visited China. The visit raised Wales' profile with the Chinese scientific community. It also established an exchange scheme in which Welsh scientists will benefit.

The warm reception the delegation received in China was a clear signal of the highly productive relationship which Wales and China have developed. During the visit, we signed a Memorandum of Understanding with our Chinese counterparts in the scientific community. This will encourage and facilitate greater scientific co-operation between China and Wales. I understand that tomorrow morning; there will be several working group meetings to explore other areas of common interest. I look forward to receiving their report in due course.


Mr. Chairman, as you are aware, there has been contact at ministerial level. Not long ago, we were delighted to receive a visit from his Excellency Mr. Wen Jiabao. As you know already, his visit was a great success. In return, our Deputy First Minister has just accepted a generous invitation to lead a delegation to China later this year. They will be visiting Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou. They are looking forward to the visit.


These visits are clear signals of the highly productive relationship which Wales and China have developed. Judging by the crowds that have gathered here tonight, I am very confident that the relationship will continue to grow. Thank you for taking the time to include a visit to Wales in your busy and demanding programme. We are honored by your presence here this evening and would ask you to take back with you the warmest good wishes from the people of Wales and the United Kingdom. May I now propose a toast.


单元10 中国农业介绍 2-13:38


Now, I'm going to talk about agriculture in China. Crops and plantations: There has been substantial restructuring, leading to considerable development in high quality agricultural products. Production to order has become a new area of growth. Agriculture related legislation and law enforcement have improved. Fighting natural disaster to protect harvests has generated impressive results. We have largely achieved the objectives in our plan.


Forestry: The Chinese government attaches great importance to forestry. Our tree planting and green creation projects have made steady progress. The forestry economy continues to grow. In 2002, the total value of forestry output was 390 billion yuan. Remarkable results have been achieved in the management and protection of forestry resources. Our investment in forestry continues to grow. In 2002, it stood at over 17 billion yuan.


Fisheries: The fishing economy in China has maintained its balanced development. The total production of aqua products stands at 42.79 million tons, worth over 280 billion yuan. Marine farming is developing well. There have been major breakthroughs in laws and regulations in the fishing industry. Our export is strong. So is our international cooperation.


Animal husbandry production continues to grow. In 2002, we produced a total of 65.234 million tons of meat, 9.98 million tons of dairy products and 78 million tons of animal feed. The animal husbandry industry has increased efforts to adjust its internal structure. Eco-development in grassland areas is being carried out on all fronts. Reform at administration level has also played an extremely important part in the development of the industry.


Agricultural mechanization continues in pace and in quality, contributing to agriculture and the rural economy. There has been further progress in the use of combine harvesters, and achievements in the promotion of mechanization technology. We have drawn on advanced technology and management expertise of foreign countries, and have extended our exchanges and cooperation.


In 2002, we spent 7.3 billion days working on irrigation infrastructure projects, with a total investment of 51.8 billion yuan. We designated 20 large irrigation areas as reform pilot programmes. The total finance for drinking water projects in the rural areas in China amounted to more than 2 billion yuan, solving drinking water problems for nearly 9 million people.


We have achieved a great deal in agricultural environmental protection and in the development of renewable energy. The eco-agriculture demo counties and the eco-homeland plan have generated clear economic, ecological and social benefit. We combine eco-agriculture with restructuring, bringing eco-agriculture in China to a new stage.


In the face of increasing competition at home and abroad, township enterprises, driven by the reform, have maintained healthy growth. There are over 25 million township enterprises in China, employing 130 million people, generating tax revenue of more than 200 billion yuan. They are a powerhouse in the rural economy of China.

单元11 辉瑞制药有限公司(美音) 2-17:46

Welcome to Pfizer--the world's largest, most valuable and fastest-growing pharmaceutical company. Ours is a noble purpose: to help realize humanity's quest for longer, healthier, happier lives. Our mission is to become the world's most valued company in serving patients, customers, colleagues, investors, business partners and the communities where we work and live. We now employ 90,000 people worldwide, turning well over $30 billion a year, spending more than $5 billion a ear on research & development. Our products are available in more than 150 countries.


It all started back in 1849, when Charles Pfizer & Company opened as a fine-chemicals business. It was a modest red-brick building in the Williamsburg section of Brooklyn, New York. It served as office, laboratory, factory, and warehouse. The company's first product was santonin--a palatable antiparasitic which was an immediate success. For the past 154 years, Pfizer has been discovering, developing, manufacturing, and marketing leading prescription medicines for humans and animals and many for the world's best-known consumer brands.


Pfizer is built on three pillars: a broad portfolio of human pharmaceuticals meeting essential medical needs; a wide range of consumer products aimed at self-care and well-being; and health products for livestock and companion animals. Research and development is the lifeblood of our business. To continue our heritage of innovation, we support the world's largest privately funded biomedical research organization, engaging 12,000 scientists and other research colleagues worldwide.


We currently have nearly 100 new medicines in various stages of development, and are working on dozens of new uses for our current medicines. Our targets include many of humanity's most feared illnesses, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, Alzheimer's, cancer, HIV/ADIS, depression and schizophrenia. Pfizer is also a leader in contributing to the development of communities where we live and work.


We have pioneered numerous initiatives to improve access to medicines including the International Trachoma Initiative, aimed at the world's greatest cause of preventable blindness, and the Diflucan Partnership, aimed at HIV/AIDS patients in developing nations. Through the Pfizer Foundation, we are building with our partners an advanced infectious disease treatment and medical education center in Kampala, Uganda.


In the United States, we sponsor the Pfizer for Living Share Card, a program that provides eligible, low-income Medicare recipients without prescription drug coverage the opportunity to purchase a 30-day supply of Pfizer medicines for $15 per prescription. A career with Pfizer is one of the most rewarding choices you can make. Pfizer has been recognized as one of the nation's best employers and most admired companies. We seek talented people from a broad array of disciplines and prize diversity of thought and experience.


Our company is thoroughly grounded in our values. They begin with a prized personal and organizational quality--Integrity--and end with a shared concern for Community. Our values include Leadership, Innovation, Performance, Teamwork, Customer Focus, and Respect for People. These values guide every decision we make, everywhere we make them. As you can sense by now, these are exciting times for our company.


We demand of ourselves and others the highest ethical standards, and our products and processes will be of the highest quality. We are deeply committed to meeting the needs of our customers, and we constantly focus on customer satisfaction. We play an active role in making every country and community in which we operate a better place to live and work. I hope you will enjoy your visit for the rest of the day. Thank you.

我们对自己和别人都有最高的道德标准。我们的产品和流程将是最高质量的。我们致力于满足顾客的需要,不断地关注顾客的满意程度。我们积极努力,把我们业务所在的国家和社区建设成生活和工作的更加美好的地方。我希望和唯美 今天的访问愉快,谢谢。

单元12 中国能源行业 2-22:46


Ladies and Gentlemen, I'm delighted to be here in the beautiful city of Hanover, to attend the prestigious Hanover Industrial Exhibition, and to speak on the opening of the energy market as well as on cooperation between China and Germany in the area of energy. Firstly, on behalf of the Economic and Trade Commission of China, I'd like to thank you for inviting me to this forum.


After 20 years of reform and opening up to outside world, the Chinese economy is continuing to grow at a fast pace. Our GDP growth averages 9.5% per year. Imports and Exports have grown by 12.4 times. In 2001, the world economy and trade growth suffered severe setbacks. But domestic demand continued to grow in China. We adopted a pro-active fiscal policy and prudent monetary policy. We pressed on with reforms and restructuring and achieved excellent results.


Our GDP grew by 7.3% compared with 2000. Imports and exports broke through 500 billion US dollars barrier, an increase of 7.5%. In the first quarter of this year, our industrial added value reached 649.4 billion yuan, a year on year increase of 10.9%. It has paved the way for achieving the planned GDP growth of 7%.

Energy is an important basis as well as safeguard for economic and social development. China is one of the largest energy products and consumers in the world. In order to ease the pressure of economic growth on energy supply, the Chinese government, over the years, has formulated a series of encouraging policies in energy investment, energy development and application, in pricing, and in the credit system.

After continuous efforts, towards the end of the 1990s, there was a significant shift in China's energy supply and demand. We said goodbye to overall energy shortages. In 2000, the national energy output reached 1.09 billion tons of standard coal units.


Of the main sources of energy, our coal output number two in the world, our crude oil is number five and our electricity number two. The energy industry has become an important driving force in the Chinese economy. Whilst energy output continues to grow at a fast pace, China presses forward with economic restructuring. We are increasing our efforts in technical development. We are working harder to save our resources and to increase integrated applications. Our energy consumption per unit continues to fall.


From 1995 to 2000, China's energy consumption per 10,000 yuan GDP dropped from 3.97 tons of standard coal to 2.77 tons. The cumulated saving and reduced energy use amounted to 410 million tons of standard coal. It reduces production costs and helps the environment. As China continues to open to the outside world, the energy market is opening up faster.


Foreign companies are investing in major energy areas such as electricity, coal, oil and gas. In electricity generation alone, cumulative foreign investment exceeds 17 billion US dollars. Meanwhile, Chinese coal exports have also been on the increase. In 2001, coal exports amounted to 85.9 million tons, an increase of 46% throughout 2000, making China the second largest coal exporter in the world.

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