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考研满分作文 | 教育文化类:职业选择

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2018年07月25日

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     The bar chart above reflects what undergraduates plan to do after graduation. 35.2% of undergraduates plan to sit the Civil Service Exams, and 31.9% plan to take examinations for a graduate program, each accounting for approximately one third of the total. Just under 10% plan to be teachers; 13.4% wish to work for companies; 3.7% aim to start their own business; and 6% have alternative ideas.
     With the job market becoming increasingly gloomy, undergraduates are opting for two main career paths. The first is to improve their career prospects by opting for further studies, whether for a master's or doctoral degree. The second is to aim for an "iron rice bowl" to give themselves job security. Whereas before most undergraduates' preference would have been to work for a company, these jobs are now harder to attain and the financial rewards less than before.
     It is becoming more and more apparent that to find a job and then to keep it are the key driving forces behind graduates' decisions today.



     上面的柱状图反映了大学生毕业之后的打算。35.2%的大学生打算考公务员,31.9%打算考研或考博,各占总数的三分之一左右。只有不到10%的大学生打算当老师,13.4%想在企业或公司工作,3.7%打算自主创业,还有6%有其他打算。
     随着就业市场越来越惨淡,大学生主要选择两条职业道路。第一条是通过选择继续深造--不管是读研还是读博--来改善自己的职业前景。第二条是打算考"铁饭碗",给自己一份工作保障。虽然在以前,多数大学生的偏好是在公司工作,但是现在公司的工作更难找,而且报酬也比以前少了。
     找到一份工作并保住这份工作是如今影响大学毕业生作决定的主要因素,这一点越来越明显。



     undergraduate 大学(本科)生
     sit 参加(考试)
     Civil Service Exams 公务员考试
     take examinations for a graduate program 考研或考博
     approximately 大约
     alternative 另外的
     gloomy 惨淡的
     career path 职业道路
     career prospects 职业前景
     doctoral degree 博士学位
     iron rice bowl 铁饭碗
     job security 工作保障
     whereas 尽管
     attain 获得
     financial reward 报酬
     driving force 推动力



1 Many employers do require job applicants to have a degree related to the job.
     很多雇主的确要求求职者拥有跟工作相关的学位。
2 Good career decisions require good information-about your personal traits and preferences and about the world of work.
     作出明智的职业选择需要很好了解个人特质、偏好以及职场情况。
    

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