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六级短文听力题:【2004年6月真题】

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2020年09月29日

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【2004年6月真题】

   Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.

   11.[A]He was the most distinguished diplomat in American history.

   [B]He set up the first university in America.

   [C]He was one of the earliest settlers in America.

   [D]He can best represent the spirit of early America.

   12.[A]He represented Washington in negotiations with Britain.

   [B]He provided Washington with a lot of money.

   [C]He persuaded France to support Washington.

   [D]He served as a general in Washington's army.

   13.[A]As one of the founding fathers of the United States.

   [B]As one of the greatest American scholars.

   [C]As one of America's most ingenious inventors.

   [D]As one of the most famous activists for human rights.

【2004年6月真题解析】

   原文:

   Passage One

   Few people can stand for the spirit of earlier America as much as Benjamin Franklin.【第11题答案位置】He lived through almost the whole of the 18th century.He was born six years after the century began,and died ten years before it ended.During this time,he saw the American colonies grow from tiny settlements into a nation and he also contributed much to the new state.He was deeply interested in science and natural history and his experiments with electricity and lightning led directly to the invention of the lightning rod.He was also interested in improving the conditions of his fellow men.He was involved in a number of projects in his native Philadelphia,including the setting up of a library,a university,a philosophical society and a fire?prevention service.He worked hard to enable the American colonies to gain independence from Britain.As ambassador to France,he encouraged the French to help George Washington.【第12题答案位置】After the war,he attended the American Constitutional Congress.This was his last contribution,for he died later that year.He is still fondly remembered by Americans as one of the creators of the United States.【第13题答案位置】

   Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.

   11.What did the speaker say about Benjamin Franklin?

   12.How did Franklin help George Washington?

   13.According to the passage,what is Franklin still well remembered as?

   译文:

   没有人比本杰明·富兰克林更能代表早期美国精神了。他的一生几乎贯穿了整个18世纪。他出生于18世纪伊始的六年之后,辞世于18世纪结束前十年。在这段时光中,他见证了美国殖民地从小的定居地发展成一个国家,同时他也为这个国家的诞生做出了许多贡献。他痴迷于科学和自然史,并且他的关于电和闪电的实验直接促成了避雷针的发明。同时,他也对提高人民的生活质量很感兴趣。他广泛参与了故乡费城的许多工程,包括建立图书馆、大学、哲学协会和消防服务。他为美国殖民地脱离英国获取独立忘我地工作。作为驻法大使,他积极推动法国帮助乔治·华盛顿。在独立战争之后,他参加了美国国会。由于他在同年辞世,参加国会成为他有生之年对美国最后的贡献。时至今日,人们仍满怀敬意地缅怀他,把他看作美利坚合众国的创建者之一。

   解析:

   人物生平类记叙文。

   11.D事实细节题。首句群出题。文中提到Few people can stand for the spirit of earlier America as much as Benjamin Franklin.视听基本一致,结合同义替换(原文中的stand for和选项中的represent),得知答案是D。

   12.C事实细节题。四个选项均提到乔治·华盛顿,可以作为特殊人名定位点。原文提到As ambassador to France,he encouraged the French to help George Washington.可知答案是C,其中persuade,support分别为原文中encourage,help的同义替换。

   13.A事实细节题。尾句群出题。原文最后一句话提到He is still fondly remembered by Americans as one of the creators of the United States.可以得出答案是A,其中founding father是原文中creator的同义替换。


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