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“武当山”中英双语导游词

所属教程:旅游英语

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qinnan

2018年02月05日

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Wudang Mountain

(武当山)

Ladies and gentlemen,

Welcome to Wudang Mountain. I'd like to take this opportunity to introduce myself to you all. ( Introduce yourself to the guests. ) I am happy to have this opportunity to show you round the Wudang Mountain. Your cooperation will be very much appreciated. Thank you.

First of all, please let me give you a brief introduction to the Wudang Mountain. Wudang Mountain is also called Taihe Mountain and Xianshi Mountain; it is located near Danjiangkou City, Hubei Province, which is China's famous Taoist resort. It is also one of the first state-level key scenic, pots and a world cultural heritage site.

we know that Wudang Mountain is famous for its grand scale of construction. While the ancient architecture here was built all through the Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties, it reached its zenith during the Ming Dynasty. It has 33 buildings, covering an area of more than 100 million square meters, after hundreds years of vicissitudes, it still covers nearly 50,000 square meters.

Today let us go there to enjoy the beautiful natural scenery and rich Taoism culture.

There is a common saying that “Buddha occupies all of the world's famous mountains”, but in Wudang Mountain, Taoism is the dominant religion. It is said that Immeasurable Buddha originally occupied the Wudang Golden Peak. When Emperor Zhenwu became an Immortal and wandered about here, he was very taken by this land and its beauty and went to seek out at the Immortal Buddha at Tianzhu Peak to discuss borrowing eight steps of this land. The Immortal Buddha was surprised that another Immortal like Emperor Zhenwu would want so little land, particularly in view of the Emperor's unlimited supernatural power. So the Immortal Buddha walked eight steps away from Tianzhu peak, and since each step covered 50 kilometers, Emperor Zhenwu became Wudong Mountain's new permanent resident and the mountain became a Taoist shrine.

Some 72 peaks, 36 rocky cliffs, 24 streams, 10 lakes, 3 pools, and 9 springs are clustered around Tianzhu peak. Wudang Mountain also has dense forests with many varieties of plants, including 600 of the l,800 medicinal herbs recorded in Compendium of Materia compiled by the Ming Dynasty pharmacist Li Shizhen. Therefore the mountain is also known as a “natural herb farm”。

Wudang Taoism Monastry

Who knows when wudang Taoism Monastry was first built? Legend has it that as early as the Zhou Dynasty people began to build thatched huts here to practice Taoism. A Five-Dragon Temple was built during the Tang Dynasty Emperor's Zhenguan reign ( 627- 649 A. D.) and renovations were done in later dynasties. So we can say that wudang Taoism Monastry was first built during the Tang Emperor Zhenguan's reign. Taoism was further strengthened during the reign of the Ming Dynasty Chengzu Emperor. In 1412 construction work began on 33 halls and monasteries and these buildings were finally finished in 1423. This large complex consists of 9 halls, 9 monasteries, 72 temples, and 36 nunneries occupying a total floor space of l. 6 million square meters. The Taoist wudang Mountain still is a major Taoist center and place of pilgrimage for Taoist believers throughout China. Its buildings are splendid examples of traditional Chinese architecture and the Mountain was named a /Krorld Heritage Cultural Site in 1994.

Wudang Boxing

Wudang Mountain not only boasts a rich Taoist culture, but also can claim to be the birthplace of wudang boxing, which is also called Neijia boxing. Wudang boxing has a long and profound history. It was pioneered by the wudang Taoist Master Zhang Sanfeng during late Yuan and early Ming dynasty. wudang boxing has undergone constant development and evolution and, next to Shaolin martial arts, is the most famous Chinese hand-to-hand fighting technique. Indeed, the two schools are known as “Northern Shaolin, Southern wudang”. Wudang boxing has now spread not only across China, but outside the country as well.

Zixiao Palace

Well, after some climbing, the Zixiao Palace now stands before us. Its differently shaped and sized statues are a Ming Dynasty artistic treasure. The Zixiao Palace was built in 1413, or the llth year of the Emperor Yongle's reign. The original buildings include more than 860 palaces, galleries, verandas, halls and pavilions. Zixiao Palace is at the back of Zhanqi Peak, and faces Zhaobi Peak, Santai Peak, Wulao Peak, Candles Peak, Luomao Peak, and Xianglu Peak. On its right is Leishen Cave, and on its left is Yuji Pool and Baozhu Peak. Since the surrounding hills form a natural chair with two dragons playing with a pearl, Emperor Yongle called it the “blessed Zixiao land”.

Nanyan

Do you know where we are now? Yes, now we are on the beautiful Nanyan in Wudang, in which the magnificent architecture of the buildings blends in with natural landscape's beauty. There is a temple on the cliff, which was built in the Yuan Dynasty. If you are interested in it, you can go and have a look.

Tianzhu Peak and Golden Palace

Now, we are finally at the Tianzhu Peak. Tianzhu Peak is l,612 meters high and is also called Yizhuqin ian. From its summit, we have a spectacular view of the“72 peaks to the big top”. The splendid hall located on the peak's summit was built during the 14t year of Emperor Yongle's reign and is China's largest golden temple. Well, dear friends, it is said that these lights never go out. Let's ask ourselves,¨Why do they continually glow?“ The answer is that they are all very exquisite and precise, so their light can change according to the direction of the wind. This feature underscores the wisdom and superb artistic skills of China's ancient craftsmen.

Wudang Taoism Music

Wudang Taoism Mountain is also famous for its music. It is an important element. It is an important culture and key part of China's musical heritage. Taoist music is a unique combination of royal, folk, and religious music. It is mysterious, solemn and elegant.

Ever since the Tang Dynasty Emperor Taizong built the¨ Five Dragons Temple,” Wudang Mountain has become an important Taoist shrine for emperors, statesmen, generals, and ordinary people to and pray for happiness.

Well, now you can visit freely. You can enjoy the unique culture, exquisite architecture and beautiful natural scenery here. we will get together here in two hours.

Our journey is about to end and I have to say goodbye to you all. Thank you for your cooperation. Have a happy journey. Goodbye!

各位游客,大家好!

欢迎大家来武当山游览!首先让我来简单地自我介绍一下(自我介绍)。很荣幸能有达次机会和大家一起游览武当山。我先在这里感谢大家的友好合作!

现在让我来介绍一下武当山的基本情况。武当山旧称太和山、仙石山,位于湖北省丹江口境内。是中国著名的道教圣地,是首批国家级重点风景名胜区,又是世界文化遗产。

我们知道,武当山以宏伟的建筑规模著称于世。其古建筑始建于唐、宋、元、明、清的均有,在明代达到鼎盛。武当山共建有建有33个建筑群,总面积100余万平方米,历经数百年沧桑,现仍存有近5万平方米的面积。

今天我们一起去领略那里秀丽的自然风光和浓郁的道教文化。有一句俗话说“天下名山佛占尽”,而武当山却是道教一统天下。传说武当山金顶原来被无量佛占据着,后来真武大帝修仙得道,出外云游到型中了这块宝地,便到天柱峰找无量佛商量借地,并提出只借八步即可。无量佛见他所要不多就答应了,没想到真武大帝法力无边,他从天柱峰顶走了八步,一步100里,八步竟占走了整个武当,从而赢得了永久居住权,武当山也因此成为道家的地盘。

武当山有七十二峰、三十六岩、二十四秫,三潭、九井、十池等胜境。众多奇峰异景环绕天柱峰,形成“万山来朝”的独特风格。武当山植被完整,植物资源丰富。明代药学家李时珍所著《本草纲目》中记载的1 800种草药有600种以上选自武当山故武当山有“天然药库”之称。

武当道观

有谁知道武当道观是什么时候修建的吗?据传周代已有人开始在此结茅修炼,唐贞观年(公元627~649年)建五龙祠,后历代均有修建。所以说武当道观是从唐贞观年间开始修建的。明朝时候大力推崇武当道教,明成祖朱迪崇奉道教,于用了额十年建公馆达33处,至永乐二十年最后完工,从而形成了九宫,九观,七十二岩庙,三十六庵堂,的大型建筑群,总面积达到1 60万平方米的规模,皇家的大力推崇使武当山名声大振,成为我国的道教名山,吸引着各地的游人观光朝拜,这里的建筑集中体现了我国古代建筑艺术的优秀传统,于1994年被列入世界遗产之列,成为全世界的文化瑰宝。

武当拳

武当山不仅是道教的香火圣地,还是武当拳的故乡。我们知道武当武术历史悠久,博大精深,武当拳名内家拳,元末明初武当道士张三丰集其大成。后经历代武术家不断创新,充实,积累,形成中华武术一大流派,素有“北宗少林。南尊武当”之称,目前,武当武术已便传天下,并成为人们养生保健,祛病延年的体育活动。

紫霄宫

好了,经过一番跋涉,现在我们眼前的就是紫霄宫。殿内塑像形态各异,栩栩如生,是我国明代的艺术珍品。紫霄宫建于明永乐是一年,紫霄宫背依展旗峰,面对照壁,三台,五老,蜡烛,香炉珠峰。左为宝珠峰。周围山峦天然形成一把二龙戏珠的宝椅,明永乐皇帝封之为“紫霄福地”。

南岩

大家知道我们现在去了哪儿了吗?对,是武当山最美的南岩,武当山的自然景观与精美的建筑是融为一体的。在这里可以得到充分的体现。这座雄踞于悬崖上的石殿建于元朝,有兴趣的朋友可以进去看一下。

天柱峰

现在,我们终于登上了天柱峰,天柱峰海拔1612米,素称一柱擎天,站在这里,可以清楚的看到七十二风朝大顶的壮观景象。而天柱峰之巅的金碧辉煌的大厅就是金殿了。金殿是我国最多的钢大殿,修建于永乐十四年。大家看,这边的长明灯不灭,原因是因为殿门的各个铸件都非常严密精确,可以改变风吹来的方向,由此可见我国古代劳动人民智慧和技艺的高超。

武当道教音乐

武当道教音乐素负盛名,是武当道教文化的一个重要组成部分,是中华音乐的活化石。别具神韵的道教音乐,融宫廷,民间,宗教音乐于一体,具有庄严肃穆,神秘飘逸的独特风格。自唐太宗始建五龙祠以后,武当山一直是帝王将相,芸芸众生祈福的重要到场。

好了,接下来的时间就让大家自由参观,您可以细细品味这里独特的文化,绝妙的建筑和美丽的自然风光。

愉快的时光总是让人觉得短暂,我们的武当山之旅到此就要结束了。我也要和大家说再见了。非常感谢大家对我工作的支持和配合。最后祝大家旅途愉快。再见。

 


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