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2018年公共英语五级试题之阅读理解八

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2018年06月26日

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  Children who grip their pens too close to the writing point are likely to be at a disadvantage in examinations,(31) ___to the first serious investigation into the way in which writing technique Can dramatically affect educational achievement.

  The survey of 643 children and adults,ranking from pre-school t0 40-plus,also suggests(32) ___pen—holding techniques have deteriorated sharply over one generation,with teachers now paying far(33) ___attention to correct pen grip and handwriting style.

  Stephanie Thomas,a learning support teacher(34)—___findings have been published,was inspired to investigate this area(35) ___he noticed that those students who had the most trouble with spelling(36) ___had a poor pen grip.While Mr.Thomas could not establish a significant statistical link(37) ___pen—holing style and accuracy in spelling,he(38) ___find huge differences in technique between the young children and the mature adults,and a definite(39) ___between near—point gripping and slow,illegible writing.

  People who(40) ___—their pens at the writing point also show other characteristics(41) ___inhibit learning,(42) ___as poor posture,leaning too(43) ___to the desk,using four fingers to grip the penn(44) ___than three,and clumsy positioning of the thumb(which can obscure(45)——is being written).

  Mr.Thomas believes that the(46) ___between elder and younger writers is(47) ___too dramatic to be accounted for simply by the possibility that people get better at writing as they grow(48) ___.He attributes it to a failure to teach the most effective methods,pointing out that the differences between(49) ___groups coincides with the abandonment of formal handwriting instruction in classrooms in the sixties.“The 30-year- old showed a huge diversity of grips,(50) ___me over 40s group all had a uniform‘tripod’grip.”

  参考答案及解析

  31.according 【解析】according to意为“根据”,为固定短语,本句句意为“根据对…的严格调查,…。”

  32.that 【解析】此空之后的内容为suggests的内容,即此处应填that,引导宾语从句。

  33.1ess 【解析】由此空前面的“deteriorated sharply”可知此空应填“更少的”,而不是“更多的”。

  34.whose 【解析】此句意为“Stephanie Thomas,一位学习辅导老师,…发现已经发表了…。”由此可知,空处所填单词必为whose,引导定语从句,修饰teacher。

  35.after 【解析】此句意为“…他注意到了那些拼写有问题的学生也有一个坏的握笔习惯,他受到鼓舞调查这个领域。”

  36.also 【解析】由35题解析,拼写有问题的学生必定握笔习惯不好。

  37.between 【解析】此句意为“Thomas先生尽管不能在握笔方式和拼写准确性之间建立重要的统计学联系,…”所以答案为介词between。

  38.did 【解析】据38题解析,由于while意为“尽管”,才有后面起强调作用的did,意为“确实”,言下之意有转折之意。

  39.1ink 【解析】与37题对应,此处应填link,表明在“near-point gripping”和“slow,illegible writing”之间存在联系。

  40.grip 【解析】显然,此空应填一个动词“握,拿”,英语中握笔用动词grip。

  41.which 【解析】由此句句子成分分析,此空以后的应为定语从句,修饰characteristics,所以此空应填which,引导定语从句。

  42.such 【解析】“poor posture,leaning too…to the desk,using…”均是对characteristics的举例说明,而举例用英语说应为“such as”。

  43.close 【解析】显然,不好的习惯是“太靠近桌子”,故应填“近”。

  44.rather 【解析】此空所在句意为“用四个手指握笔而不是三个。”rather than表示“而不是”。

  45.what 【解析】显然,此空后的句子应为“0bscure”的宾语从句,而“is being written”中缺主语,可做主句的宾语、从句的主语的只有what。

  46.difference 【解析】显然,这句话是在对老年人和年轻人写字之间进行比较,而且由后半句中的“get better at…”可知,此空必为“不同的”。

  47.far 【解析】能修饰too的副词只有far或much。

  48.older 【解析】grow只能是年龄越来越大。

  49.age 【解析】此段话均是在比较不同年龄段的人之间写字的不同,故此空应填“年龄”。

  50.but 【解析】此句意为“30岁的人表现出非常不同的握笔方式,…超过40岁的人都统一用三个手指握笔。”显然,此空处表转折。


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