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2018年公共英语五级试题之阅读理解九

所属教程:备考辅导

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2018年06月27日

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  Impatience characterizes young intellectual workers.They want to make their mark(31) ___.So it’s important to get(32) ___to them in a challenging manner the idea(33) ___big achievements rarely come easily and quickly.Point out that the little successes are essential.Show that they(34) ___turn become the foundation on(35) ___reputations are built and from which mole important tasks can be accomphished.

  A variety of job assignments,including job Or project rotation,also keep a job(36) ___becoming dull.Whereas it’s natural for some individuals to want to move ahead immediately to more difficult assignments,(37) ___proper guidance they call continue to learn and to gain versatility by working on a number of jobs that are essentially(38)——the same complexity.This way they gain breadth,if not depth.

  Probably the greatest offense to guard(39) ___when dealing with younger specialists is to reject ideas out of hand.You must listen--and listen objectively~to their suggestions.Avoid(40)——0vercritical.You want to nurture an inquiring mind with a fresh approach. You’ll frustrate it quickly if you revert too often(41) ___“We’ve tried that before and it won’t(42) ___here.”

  One sure way to disenchannt(43) ___college graduates is flagrantly misusing their talents.Expect them to do some routine work,of course.But don’t make their(44) ___work just one long series of errands.This in—eludes such break—in assignments(45) ___performing routine calculations,digging up(46) ___material,(47) ___0perating reproduction equipment.One large manufacturing company recently interviewed a number of(48) ___engineers who had left them.The company found that the overwhelming complaint was that the company not only did not offer work that(49) ___challenging but also expected(50) ___too little from them in the way of performance.

  公共英语五级阅读参考答案及解析

  31.fast 【解析】由上一句句意“不耐心代表了年轻的脑力工作者们的特点。”可知,本句“他们想…成名”中的空处应填“快速地”。

  32.across 【解析】9et across意为“使(观点等)被理解或接受,讲清自己的意思”,此句意为“给他们讲清巨大的成功不会轻易、快速地到来很重要。”

  33.that 【解析】参见32题解析,idea与big achievements rarely come easily and quickly是同位语,故此空应填that,引导同位语从句。

  34.in 【解析】in turn意为“转而,反过来”,此句意为“给他们讲明这些小成功成为建立声誉的基础,而且从这些小成功开始更重要的任务才能被完成。”。

  35.which 【解析】“声誉建立的基础”英语表达为“the foundation on which reputations ale built”,which指代foundations。

  36.from 【解析】keep sth.from doing sth.意为“防止某事…”,为固定短语。

  37.under 【解析】under guidance意为“在…指导下”,为固定短语。

  38.of 【解析】be of the same...意为“是一样…”,此句意为“…在正确的指导下,他们能继续学习,继续通过干许多一样复杂的工作而获得多样性。”

  39.against 【解析】guard against意为“防止,防范,警惕”,为固定短语,against也可以省略。

  40.being 【解析】avoid doing sth.意为“避免…”,avoid后必须跟名词或动名词。be overcritical意为“过分挑剔的”。

  41.to 【解析】revert to意为“重想,重提”,此句意为“如果你经常提到‘我们以前已经试着这样做了,但是不管用’就会很快地挫伤这种好问的头脑”。

  42.work 【解析】本句意为“我们以前已经尝试过,但是不…。”显然,此空处应填“奏效,起作用”,英语中表达这一含义最地道的词就是work。

  43.young 【解析】本文均是在讲年轻的脑力工作者,故此空所应填的用于修饰“college graduates”的词也应是“年轻的”。

  44.daily 【解析】此句意为“但是不要使他们的…工作仅仅成为一长串令人心烦的差使。”显然,此空应填“每日的,日常的”。

  45.as 【解析】such…as意为“这样的…如”。此空后为并列的三个分词短语,即“如”后跟的例举事项。

  46.reference 【解析】这三个分词短语意为“执行日常运算、挖掘…材料、操作再生产设备”。显然,“参考材料”最合适。

  47.and 【解析】这三个分词短语是并列的,故中间的连词只能用and。

  48.promising 【解析】此旬意为“一家大制造公司最近采访了许多…的工程师,这些工程师都已离开这家公司。”由上下句判断,此空处填“有希望的,有前景的”最合句意。

  49.was 【解析】此空显然应是句子的谓语成分,应填动词的过去式。

  50.far 【解析】可用于修饰“too little”的只能是far,意为“太少,特别少”。


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