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高中英语语法之主谓一致(含巩固练习)

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2021年02月03日

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我们都知道,英语语法是英语体系的钢筋铁骨,所有的口语及书面表达都需要依附英语语法而成,其中高考时英语语法更是贯穿了整张卷面。下面是小编整理的关于高中英语语法之主谓一致(含巩固练习)的资料,内容比较适合用来日常练习,希望对你有所帮助!

一.概念:

主谓一致是指:

1) 2)

3)

一般来说,不可数名词用动词单数,可数名词复数用动词复数。例如:

There is much water in the thermos.

但当不可数名词前有表示数量的复数名词时,谓语动词用复数形式。例如:

Ten thousand tons of coal were produced last year.

二.相关知识点精讲

1.并列结构作主语时谓语用复数,例如:

Reading and writing are very important. 读写很重要。

注意:当主语由and连结时,如果它表示一个单一的概念,即指同一人或同一物时,谓语动词用单数,and 此时连接的两个词前只有一个冠词。例如:

The iron and steel industry is very important to our life. 钢铁工业对我们的生活有重要意义。

The League secretary and monitor ___ asked to make a speech at the meeting.

A. is  B. was  C. are  D. were

B. 注: 先从时态上考虑。这是过去发生的事情应用过去时,先排除A.,C。本题易误选D,因为The League secretary and monitor 好象是两个人,但仔细辨别,monitor 前没有the,在英语中,当一人兼数职时只在第一个职务前加定冠词。后面的职务用and 相连。这样本题主语为一个人,所以应选B。

1)当there be

There is a pen, a knife and several books on the desk. 桌上有一支笔、一把小刀和几本书。

There are twenty boy-students and twenty-three girl-students in the class.班上有二十个男孩,二十三个女孩。

2)当either… or… 与neither… nor,连接两个主语时,谓语动词与最邻近的主语保持一致。如果句子是由here, there引导,而主语又不止一个时,谓语通常也和最邻近的主语一致。例如:

Either you or she is to go. 不是你去,就是她去。

Here is a pen, a few envelops and some paper for you. 给你笔、信封和纸。

当主语有with, together with, like, except, but, no less than, as well as 等词组成的短语时,谓语动词与前面的主语部分一致。例如:

The teacher together with some students is visiting the factory. 教师和一些学生在参观工厂。

He as well as I wants to go boating.他和我想去划船。

谓语需用单数5.指代意义决定谓语的单复数

1)代词what, which, who, none, some, any, more, most, all等词的单复数由其指代的词的单复数决定。例如:

All is right. 一切顺利。

All are present. 人都到齐了。

2)集体名词作主语时,谓语的数要根据主语的意思来决定。如family, audience, crew, crowd, class, company, committee等词后,谓语动词用复数形式时强调这个集体中的各个成员,用单数时强调该集体的整体。例如:

His family isn't very large. 他家成员不多。

His family are music lovers. 他家个个都是音乐爱好者。

但集合名词people, police, cattle, poultry等在任何情况下都用复数形式。例如:

Are there any police around? 附近有警察吗?

3)有些名词,如variety, number, population, proportion, majority

A number of +名词复数+复数动词。

The number of +名词复数+单数动词。

A number of books have lent out.

The majority of the students like English.

6.与后接名词或代词保持一致的情况

1)用half of, most of, none of, heaps of, lots of, plenty of of后面的名词/代词保持一致。例如:

Most of his money is spent on books. 他大部分的钱化在书上了。

Most of the students are taking an active part in sports.

2)用a portion of, a series of, a pile of, a panel of A series of accidents has been reported. 媒体报道了一连串的事故。

A pile of lots was set beside the hearth. 炉边有一堆木柴。

3)如 many a 或 more than one 所修饰的短语作主语时,谓语动词多用单数形式。但由more than… of

Many a person has read the novel. 许多人读过这本书。

More than 60 percent of the students are from the city.百分之六十多的学生来自这个城市。

1. The number of people invited ______ fifty, but a number of them _______ absent for different reasons.

A. were, was B. was, was

C. was, were D. were, were

( ) 2. E-mail, as well as telephones, ________ an important part in daily communication.

A. is playing B. have played

C. are playing D. play

( ) 3. ______ of the land in that district ______ covered with trees and grass.

A. Two fifth, is B. Two fifth, are

C. Two fifths, is D. Two fifths, are

( ) 4. license.

A. has B. have

C. is having D. are having’

( ) 6. Joy and Sorrow _____ next-door neighbours.

A. is B. are C. were D. be

( )7. In my opinion, some of the news _____ unbelievable.

A. are B. is C. has been D. have been

( )8. When ______ the United Nations founded?

A. is B. are C. was D. were

( )9. Every possible means _____ .

A. has tried B. has been tried

C. was tried D. were tried

( ) 10. What she says and does _____ nothing to do with me.

A. was B. were C. has D. have

( )11. There _____ a dictionary and several books on the desk.

A. are B. must C. have been D. is

( )12. Nobody ______ seen the film. It’s a pity.

A. but Tom and Jack have B. except Tom and Jack have

C. but my friends has D. but I have

( )13. No teacher and no student ______.

A. are admitted B. is admitted

C. are admitting D. is admitting

( )14. All but one ______ here just now.

A. is B. was C. has been D. were

( )15. When and where to build the new factory _____ yet.

A. is not decided B. are not decided

C. has not decided D. have not decided

( ) 16. The writer and singer ______ here.

A. is B. are C. were D. do

( ) 17. As I have a meeting at four, ten minutes _____ all that I can spare to talk with you.

A. are B. was C. is D. were

( ) 18. In those days John with his classmates _____ kept busy preparing for the exam.

A. is B. are

C. was D. were

( ) 19. —— ____ your clothes?

——No, mine _____ hanging over there.

A. Is it, is B. Are these, are

C. Is it, are D. Are these, is

( ) 20. The Smith’s family, which ____ rather a large one, ____ very fond of their old houses.

A. were, were B. was, was

C. were, was D. was, were

( ) 21. What the teacher and the students want to say _____ that either of the countries ____ beautiful.

A. are, are B. is, is

C. are, is D. is, are

( ) 22. He is the only one of the students who _____ a winner of scholarship for three years.

A. is B. are

C. have been D. has been

( ) 23. _____ of my brothers are reporters. Covering events, meetings, or sports meetings ______ their duty.

A. Each, are B. Both, is

C. Neither, are D. None, is

( ) 24. —— What do you think of the ______ of the coat?

—— It’s rather high. You can buy a cheaper one in that shop.

A. value B. cost C. price D. use

( ) 25. —— Are the two answers correct?

—— No, ______ correct.

A. no one is B. both are not

C. neither is D. either is not

( ) 26. The wind, together with rain and fog, _____ making sailing difficult.

A. have been B. was

C. / D/ are


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