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高中英语语法之数词(含巩固练习)

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2021年02月07日

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我们都知道,英语语法是英语体系的钢筋铁骨,所有的口语及书面表达都需要依附英语语法而成,其中高考时英语语法更是贯穿了整张卷面。下面是小编整理的关于高中英语语法之数词(含巩固练习)的资料,内容比较适合用来日常练习,希望对你有所帮助!

一.概念:

数词分两类:基数词和序数词.表示数目的词叫基数词,表示须序的词叫序数词.

二.相关知识点精讲

1.基数词

1)基数词一般可写成如345或three hundred and forty-five。

2)基数词一般是单数形式,但遇下列情况,常用复数:

a. 与of 短语连用,表示概数,不能与具体数目连用,如scores of people 指许多人;

b. 在一些表示"一排"或"一组"的词组里。例如:

They arrived in twos and threes. 他们三三两两的到了。

c. 表示"几十岁"。 d. 表示"年代",用 in +the +数词复数。

e. 在乘法运算的一种表示法里,如Three fives is(are)fifteen。

序数词的缩写形式如first---1st second---2nd thirty-first---31st等。

1)倍数表示法 a. 主语+谓语+倍数(或分数)+ as + adj. + as。例如

I have three times as many as you. 我有你三倍那么多。

b. 主语+谓语+倍数(分数)+ the size (amount,length…) of…。例如:

The earth is 49 times the size of the moon. 地球是月球的49倍。

c. 主语+谓语+倍数(分数)+ 形容词(副词)比较级+ than…。例如:

The grain output is 8 percent higher this year than that of last year. 今年比去年粮食产量增加8%。

d. 还可以用by+倍数,表示增加多少倍。例如:

The production of grain has been increased by four times this year. 今年粮食产量增加了4倍。

2)分数表示法的构成:基数词代表分子,序数词代表分母。分子大于1时,分子的序数词用单数,分母序数词用复数。例如:

1/3 one-third; 3/37 three and three-sevenths.

1.______ martyrs have heroically laid down their lives for the people.

a. Thousand upon thousand of b. Thousand and thousands of

c. Thousands upon thousands of d. Thousand and thousand of

2.They received ______ of letters about their TV programs.

a. dozen b. dozen and dozen c score d. dozens

3.Who is that man,______ in the front row?

a. one b. the one c. first d. the first

4.We have produced ______ this year as we did in 1993.

a. as much cotton twice b. as twice much cotton

c. much as twice cotton d. twice as much cotton

5.The earth is about ______ as the moon.

a. as fifty time big b. fifty times as big c. as big fifty time d. fifty as times big

6.The population of many Alaskan cities has ______ in the past three years.

a. more than doubled b. more doubled than c. much than doubled d. much doubled than

7.The moon is about _____ in diameter as diameter as the earth.

a. one-three as large b. one three as large c. one-third as large d. one third as large

8.Five hundred yuan a month _____ enough to live on.

a. is b. are c. is being d. has been

9.______ of the buildings were ruined.

a. Three fourth b. Three four c. Three-fourths d. Three-four

10.Consult _____ for questions about earthquakes.

a. the six index b. index six c. sixth index d. index numbering six


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