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托福听力细节题实例讲解解题技巧(1)

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zhaocongcong

2018年11月22日

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  对于托福听力考试中的细节题,我们可以多掌握相应的解题技巧,这样我们在考试中就能够轻松的应对这样的题目,争取拿到高分的成绩。

  一. 托福听力细节题通常是怎么提问的?

  托福听力细节题的提问方式通常有三种,分别是:

  What point does the professor make when he mentions XXX?

  According to the professor, what have the researchers agreed on?

  What does the professor say about XXX?

  二.托福听力细节题有哪些解题技巧?(实例解析)

  细节题的出题点比较固定,只要你能听出提示词,抓住相关的大部分内容,那么细节题还是很容易得分的。细节题的出题点大概分为如下几个方面:

  1.对听力中的example提问

  对话或者讲座中的举例一般都是细节题喜欢考察的点。它的提示词要么是for example, for instance, like, in this case这类的连接词,要么是具体的事例的名词。

  实例解析:

  What example does the professor give of a meme’s longevity?

  l A story has been changing since it first appeared in the 1930s

  l A person remembers a story for many years

  l A gene is passed on through many generations without changing

  l A song quickly becomes popular all over the world

  这道题是TPO5的第二个讲座的题目。教授的这段话是这样的:

  First, longevity. A replicator must exist long enough to be able to get copied, and transfer its information. Clearly, the longer a replicator survives, the better its chances of getting its message copied and passed on. So longevity is a key characteristic of a replicator. If you take the alligator story, it can exist for a long time in individual memory, let’s say, my memory. I can tell you the story now or ten years from now, the same with the twinkle, twinkle song. So these memes have longevity because they are memorable for one reason or another.

  这段话的前半部分介绍的是理论,然后通过这个鳄鱼的故事来解释这个理论。所以这道题的答案也是显而易见的B选项。

  2.对听力材料中的提到的定义或者解释类的内容提问

  在听力中经常会出现一些专有名词,有些专有名词一带而过,有些专有名词会在后面给出解释,如果我们听到带有解释的专有名词,就需要提起注意,因为它可能是一个考点。它的提示词有:it refers to,that is,that means,This is to say,in other words,in another words等。

  实例解析:

  What started the runway effect that led to the Sahara area of north Africa becoming a desert

  l the prevailing winds became stronger

  l the seasonal rains moved to a different area

  l the vegetation started to die off in large areas

  l the soil lost its ability to retain rainwater

  教授是这样说的:

  What the Sahara experienced was um…a sort of“runaway drying effect”. As I said the monsoon migrated itself, so there was less rain in the Sahara. The land started to get drier, which in turn caused huge decrease in the amount of vegetation, because vegetation doesn’t grow as well in dry soil, right? And then, less vegetation means the soil can’t hold water as well, the soil loses its ability to retain water when it does rain. So then you have less moisture to help clouds form, nothing to evaporate for cloud formation. And then the cycle continues, less rain, drier soil, less vegetation, fewer clouds, less rain etc. etc..

  教授说完“runaway drying effect”之后,并没有转移话题,而是接着介绍了这个effect的过程到底是什么样的。如果我们能听到“runaway drying effect”之后的解释,那么这道题也可以迎刃而解。

  3.针对听力材料中的原因进行提问

  在听力中,因为考虑到学生的能力,所以句子跟句子之间的逻辑关系没有阅读中那么复杂。因果关系是其中最好表述的一种,所以在听力中也是很常见的。它也是考点之一。前因后果:therefore,consequently,as a consequence,result in,lead to。前果后因:result from,originate from,arise out of。

  实例解析:

  According to the professor, what led scientists to characterize the Nightcap Oak as primitive

  l it has no evolutionary connection to other trees growing in Australia today

  l it has an inefficient reproductive system

  l its flower are located at the bases of the leaves

  l it is similar to some ancient fossils

  教授说:

  Now another interesting thing about the Nightcap Oak is that it represents a very old type kind of tree that grew a hundred million years ago. Um, we found fossils that old that bear remarkable resemblance to the tree. So, it’s a primitive tree. A living fossil you might say.

  我们可以看出,fossils that old that bear remarkable resemblance to the treeà it’s a primitive tree。本题给出结果,对原因题型提问。所以D选项正确。


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