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托福听力细节题实例讲解解题技巧(2)

所属教程:托福听力

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zhaocongcong

2018年11月22日

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  4.针对听力材料中的结尾细节进行提问

  通常我们在对话或者讲座的结尾都会走神,因为听力持续的时间太长,导致我们在听力快要结束的时候,松一口气的同时,注意力也不能集中在听力上了。但是往往结尾也是考点之一。

  实例解析:

  What is one way the professor mention that can help with art restoration?

  l By re-creating the pigments and binding agents used by artists of earlier eras

  l By removing pigments and binding agents that dissolve paintings over time

  l By creating protective coatings of paint that do not damage original paintings

  l By developing ways to safely remove paint added by previous restorers

  教授的最后一句话就是答案:

  Then if we want to undo some bad restoration attempts, we can determine what kind of process we can use to remove them to dissolve the paint and uncover the original.

  正确选项是D。在对话中,结尾的位置经常是教授提出建议的位置,或者是教授提出要求的位置。这样就更需要注意他们的内容,因为很大可能会出考题。所以在平时做题的时候,我们要努力克制,一定要听到最后。

  5.针对数字,地点,人物进行提问

  在听力中会有一些数字,地点,人物之类的内容。这些数字,地点,人物本身不重要,重要的是他们之后跟着的内容。所以在听到这些内容的时候,一定要了解他们之后的内容的含义。

  实例解析:

  According to the professor, what were two ways that the situation of women artists had changed by then end of the nineteenth century in Paris? (Click on 2 answers.)

  l Women and men took art classes together

  l Women artists played a greater role in the Salon exhibitions

  l More schools were established by women artists

  l Fewer women artists were traveling to Paris

  教授说:

  Before the late 19 century, if the women who want to become an artist have to take private lessons or learn from family members. They have more limited options than men did. But around 1870s, some artists in Paris began to offer classes for female students. These classes were for women only. And by the end of the 19 century, it became much more common for woman and man to study together in the same classes.

  By the last two decades of 19 century, one fifth of the paintings in the salon were by woman, much higher than in the past.

  答案就很显而易见,是AB选项。

  6.针对对比,类比或者相似的内容进行提问

  在讲座中尤其喜欢拿两样事物对比或者类比着说,如果出现这种情况,就需要注意两个事物的各自的特征或者相同的特征,因为这里很可能是考点。

  实例解析:

  What does the professor compare to a housefly laying many eggs?

  l A child learning many different ideas from her parents

  l Alligators reproducing in New York sewers

  l Different people remembering different versions of a story

  l A person singing the“Twinkle, twinkle”song many times

  教授说:

  Next, fecundity. Fecundity is the ability to reproduce in large numbers. For example, the common housefly reproduces by laying several thousand eggs, so each fly gene gets copied thousands of times. Memes, well, they can be reproduced in large numbers as well. How many times have you sung the‘twinkle, twinkle song’to someone? Each time you replicated the song, and maybe passed it along to someone who did not know it yet, a small child maybe.

  教授用housefly的例子来说明基因的传递,然后作类比,说明通过给别人唱“小星星”这首歌,文化基因是如何传递的。所以D选项就是我们的正确答案。

  三.托福听力细节题的选项有哪些特征?

  细节题一定是原文出现过的内容,他们可能是同义改写,也可能是用原文中的词汇概述答案。所以对于原文中没有出现过的内容,一定是错的。这就是细节题跟推断题之间的区别。

  托福听力细节题的错误选项有如下几种:

  1.原文提到过的内容,但是不在对应的位置。它可能是上一个话题的内容,也可能是下一个话题的内容。这样的选项比较具有迷惑性,容易错选。如果在做笔记的过程中能够分段落进行记载,那么就可以避免这种现象。

  2.部分原文中的内容+部分原文中没有提到的内容。这样的选项我们会自动忽略没有出现过的内容,所以在读题的时候一定要仔细。不断的问自己这个信息点到底是否在听力中出现过。

  3.完全没有出现过的内容。这种选项一般我们可以直接省略。

  4.与原文不符的内容。有些选项会跟原文不符,但是因为他们跟原文的内容太像,太接近,我们又忽略了他们否定的内容,所以在做题过程中也需要注意。


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