考研英语 学英语,练听力,上听力课堂! 注册 登录
> 考研英语 > 考研英语阅读 >  内容

《考研英语阅读理解100篇 基础版》第1章 经济类 Unit 2

所属教程:考研英语阅读

浏览:

qinting

2019年01月03日

手机版
扫描二维码方便学习和分享

The American economy has been shedding jobs for nearly two years,but now comes a sign that the gloom could eventually lift.The Bureau of Labour Statistics released new data on payroll employment on Friday December 4th,and across the board the numbers came in better than had been expected. 
Some 11,000 jobs were lost in November,the smallest total since the recession began late in 2007.And despite the continued job losses,the overall unemployment rate fell from 10.2% to 10.0%.So,too,did broader measures of unemployment which include marginally attached workers and those who work only part time (for economic reasons). 
The payroll report will leave markets and policymakers happy,for a day at least.Most forecasters had expected that 100,000 jobs,or more,would have been lost,and most thought that the unemployment rate would hold steady or rise.A private employment report for November,which is published just before the official payroll report,showed that nearly 170,000 workers lost their jobs. 
None of this means that the troubles are all over,however.The unemployment rate had once before declined in 2009,from June to July,before proceeding to rise for the next three months.A steady decline now will be hard to achieve: one estimate suggests that the American economy needs to add around 150,000 jobs each month just to keep up with population growth. 
Employment growth in the economy remains concentrated in just a few sectors.There are encouraging signs in professional and business services; a 52,000 job increase in temporary help services in this category indicates that employers may soon begin creating more permanent positions.(Although by one measure non-manufacturing businesses are losing confidence,according to an index produced by the Institute for Supply Management this week.)Education,health services,and government are the only other sources of employment growth; the manufacturing,construction,and retail sectors continued to cut jobs in November. 
That is particularly disappointing given that manufacturing activity has expanded for four consecutive months.More troubling still,the rate of manufacturing expansion declined in November.Increasing activity to date had largely been because of the replenishment of depleted inventories.If this brief spurt of expansion has exhausted itself without creating new jobs,then that bodes ill for recovery in other sources of demand,including consumer spending. 
And then there are the ugliest statistics of all.Just over 15m Americans are unemployed,an increase of 8m from the start of the recession.Nearly 6m of those are considered long-term unemployed.Almost 40% of jobless workers have been out of work for 27 weeks or more.Bringing most of these workers back into the labour force will require strong economic growth,of the sort that is unlikely to prevail for at least the next year or so.This unexpectedly sharp decline in lost jobs is a silver lining on an extremely dark cloud. 
注(1):本文选自Economist; 
注(2):本文习题命题模仿对象:第1、3题分别模仿2004年真题Text 1第1、3题,第2题模仿2008年真题Text 4第2题,第4题模仿2014年真题Text 4第4题,第5题模仿2006年真题Text 2第5题。 
1.What is America's current unemployment situation? 
A) The unemployment rate remains in a mild decline. 
B) The number of job offers has exceeded that of job losses. 
C) There still will be many people who are going to lose their jobs. 
D) It has met the expectations of the majority of people. 
2.We can infer from the second and third paragraphs that ______. 
A) the private employment report lacks credibility 
B) unemployment rate does not involve all citizens 
C) unemployment rate forecast is in accurate 
D) policy-making depends on unemployment rate 
3.The word“bodes” (Line 4,Paragraph 6) most probably means ______. 
A) brings 
B) falls 
C) develops 
D) foretells 
4.Speaking of employment growth,the author implies that ______. 
A) economic sectors of employment growth are still limited yet expanding 
B) inventory replenishment is a good chance of providing more jobs 
C) the prospect of an overall employment growth remains gloomy 
D) the difficulty of demand recovery impedes the creation of new jobs 
5.We can draw a conclusion from the text that ______. 
A) the unexpectedly sharp decline in lost jobs paves the way for general optimism 
B) the unemployment rate fluctuates dramatically in economic recession 
C) it is still uncertain whether the November unemployment rate is a good sign 
D) unemployment rate is expected to continually drop in the following months 

近两年里,美国经济使工作机会一直在不断流失,但现在却有迹象显示这种低迷的状态有可能最终扭转。据劳工统计局于12月4日,也就是周五公布的最新就业人数数据显示,总体数字好于预期。 
11月份约减少了1.1万个工作岗位,这是自2007年年末的经济危机开始以来的最小数字。尽管现在仍然不断有人失去工作,但总体失业率已经从10.2% 降至 10.0%。从广义上衡量也是如此,广义失业率涉及了近期未就业的人数和由于经济原因只能做兼职的人员的数量等。 
这份就业报告将会使市场和政策制定者们满意,至少就目前来看如此。之前大部分市场预测者预计至少还会减少10万个工作机会,大多数人认为失业率会保持在原有水平,或者会进一步增长。在官方的就业报告发布之前,一份民间就业报告指出,11月份的失业人数有近17万。 
但这一结果并不意味着我们的麻烦已经全然消失。2009年6月至7月失业率曾有所下降,但是随后的三个月又连续增长。目前我们很难实现失业率的持续下降:一份预测报告指出,美国经济每个月需要增加约15万个工作岗位才能赶上人口增长的速度。 
美国就业率的增长也仅限于几个领域。其中,职业和商业服务领域就显示出了鼓舞人心的迹象,该领域已经增加了5.2万份临时性援助服务的工作,这表明雇主们可能很快就会提供更多的永久性职位。(尽管根据本周美国供应管理协会公布的指数,其中一项指标显示,非制造业界正在失去信心。)教育、健康服务和政府是仅有的其他几个就业率增长部门,而制造业、建筑业和零售业11月份都在继续裁员。 
鉴于制造业已实现了连续四个月的扩张,这一结果尤其令人失望,更糟糕的是,制造业扩张的速度在11月份有所下降。其增加的数据大部分来自对于库存的补充。如果我们耗尽了这种短暂的扩张所迸发的动能却没有创造出新工作,那么这预示着其他方面的需求很难得以恢复,包括消费支出。 
这还不是最坏的数据。目前,已有超过1500万美国人处于失业状态,比经济危机刚开始时增加了800万人。其中,近600万人被认为是长期失业。大约40%的失业工人已经至少27周没有工作了。要想让这些人中的大部分回到劳动力大军中,那么经济的强劲增长是必不可少的,然而,至少在明年经济不可能迅速回升向好。在这种极其严峻的情形下,失业率出人意料地陡然下降无异于一线生机。 
用手机学英语,请加听力课堂微信公众号:tingclass123
用户搜索

疯狂英语 英语语法 新概念英语 走遍美国 四级听力 英语音标 英语入门 发音 美语 四级 新东方 七年级 赖世雄 zero是什么意思

  • 频道推荐
  • |
  • 全站推荐
  • 广播听力
  • |
  • 推荐下载
  • 网站推荐