考研英语 学英语,练听力,上听力课堂! 注册 登录
> 考研英语 > 考研英语阅读 >  内容

《考研英语阅读理解100篇 基础版》第3章 信息技术类 Unit 44

所属教程:考研英语阅读

浏览:

qinting

2019年01月12日

手机版
扫描二维码方便学习和分享

Just over 20 years ago,IBM introduced the PC jr.Derided as awkward and underpowered,the PC jr.never caught on with kids or parents.But then again,IBM didn’t have the Mouse behind it. 
Backed by a posse of Mickey,Minnie,and Pluto,the Walt Disney Co.is looking to do what IBM never could: successfully market a computer system designed specifically for kids.The Disney Dream Desk PC($600)and its complementary big-eared,14.1-inch monitor($300)are aimed at kids ranging from 6 to 12 years old.But even though the system is embellished with images of Mickey and software featuring Donald Duck and Goofy,the Dream Desk is more than a toy. 
Using Microsoft Windows XP,the Disney system is based on an Intel Celeron D processor and comes with a 40-gigabyte hard drive plus a combination CD burner and DVD player—serious enough hardware to manage games or homework.As an added feature,there's a stylus that sits in a cradle built into the keyboard.The stylus is a more comfortable pointing device than a mouse for little hands,and it also lets children create their own digital sketches. 
Teaching tool.On the software side,Disney has included a trio of creativity programs called Disney Flix,Pix,and Mix that lets kids create their own movies,add Disney characters to digital pictures,and compose music.For parents worried about the World Wild Web,Disney has included a Content Protect program that prevents curious tykes from visiting sites you’d rather they not view.And if you suspect they are using the Net more for games than research,the program will even track your children's surfing and report back to you. 
By and large,the Disney system succeeds with the Dream Desk.Design elements like the monitor's mouseketeer ears,which conceal speakers,certainly grabbed my 22-month-old daughter's attention.But while she may have enjoyed“playing with Mickey,” parents may wonder if computers for kids are a help or hindrance when it comes to learning.“The danger is that people tend to replace actual human instruction with these computers,” says Reid Lyon,chief of the Child Development and Behavior Branch of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development at the National Institutes of Health.According to Lyon,computers are a fine tool to help kids learn—as long as there's parental participation. 
Parents looking for educational titles on the Dream Desk will have to shop elsewhere.Furthermore,the total system price is about $150 more than comparably equipped plain-Jane PCs,and some elements of the Disney PC could be improved.① Making the LCD monitor touch sensitive would be a nice addition for kids,as would a clear cover to protect the screen from sticky little fingers. In addition,some parents may bridle at the brazen commercialism of having a large orange button on the system's keyboard that takes kids directly to Disney's $9.95-a-month Toontown online game. 
② On the other hand,what parent hasn’t succumbed to a son or daughter's desire for a SpongeBob toy,Spiderman lunchbox,or Dora backpack? And while this PC may have big ears,it's not just some Mickey Mouse computer. 
注(1):本文选自U.S.News & World Report; 
注(2):本文习题命题模仿对象为 2004年真题Text 1(个别题目稍做调整)。 
1.How can the Walt Disney Co.make a computer system popular with the kids? 
A) The images of the Walt Disney Co.are deeply rooted in kids’ heart. 
B) The Dream Desk is just like a super toy. 
C) The computer system is designed specifically for kids. 
D) Kids can use the computer system for games and doing homework. 
2.Which of the following is NOT the description of the Dream Desk? 
A) Learning and playing are perfectly combined in this computer system. 
B) The hardware is enough for the use of a kid. 
C) The software takes the kids’ needs and parents’ worry into consideration. 
D) The Dream Desk decorated with the image of Mickey catches the kids’ eyes. 
3.How can the parents take full advantage of the computer in the learning of their kids? 
A) Not allowing the kids to visit the inappropriate websites. 
B) Using the computer to arouse kids’ interest in learning. 
C) Fully exploring the potential function of the computer. 
D) Working together with their kids. 
4.Which of the following is NOT true according to Paragraph 6? 
A) The Dream Desk does not have price advantage. 
B) The Dream Desk has been equipped with sensitive LCD monitor and a clear cover. 
C) Some parents have offensive feelings toward the orange button indicating commercialism. 
D) The computer system fails to cater for all the parents. 
5.What can we learn from the last paragraph? 
A) The big ears make this PC look like a big toy that many kids long for. 
B) Parents always try their best to satisfy their kids’ needs. 
C) Parents find it difficult to refuse to buy their kids such toys as Mickey Mouse computer. 
D) Mickey Mouse computer is a computer,rather than a toy. 

20多年前,IBM公司推出了初级个人电脑。这种电脑被人们嘲讽为笨拙而且动力不足,从未在小孩或父母中间流行起来。但IBM当时并没有在机子上配上“米老鼠”。 
在米老鼠、米妮和普路托等一批卡通形象的支持下,华特迪斯尼公司正期望完成IBM不可能完成的任务:成功地销售专门为孩子设计的计算机系统。“迪斯尼梦想台式个人电脑”(售价600美元),专门配备了长着大耳朵的14.1英寸显示器(售价300美元),瞄准的目标是6到12岁的孩子。但是,即使该系统的外形用米老鼠形象加以装饰,并配有唐老鸭和高飞的软件,“梦想台式电脑”也不可能只是一件纯粹的玩具。 
迪斯尼公司的这个系统是以英特尔赛扬处理器为基础的,使用的是微软XP视窗,配有一个40GB硬盘驱动器、组合式CD刻录机和DVD播放器——这种硬件配置足以用于玩游戏或做家庭作业。新增加的设备有:装在键盘内的内置支架上的指示笔。对孩子的小手来说,指示笔是一个比鼠标更舒适的指向设备,它还可以使孩子们创作出他们自己的数字素描画。 
教学工具:至于软件部分,迪斯尼公司安装了三合一创造性程序,称为“迪斯尼Flix、Pix和Mix”。这个程序可让小孩创作他们自己的电影、把迪斯尼人物添加到数字式图片中以及作曲。由于父母对全球互联网(也有人称“万维网”)表示担忧,所以迪斯尼公司配置了“网络内容保护”程序。该程序可以防止好奇心强的孩子浏览你不想让他们看的网站。而且如果你怀疑孩子上网是为了玩游戏而不是为了学习,该程序甚至可以跟踪孩子的上网情况,并向你报告他们的上网记录。 
迪斯尼公司的“梦想电脑”总体上来说获得了成功。显示器上可以隐蔽扬声器的“滑鼠”(mouseketeer)耳朵,这样的设计元件肯定会吸引我22 个月大的女儿的注意力。但当她沉迷于“玩米老鼠”时,做父母的也许会问:电脑对孩子的学习到底是一种帮助还是一种阻碍?设在全国健康研究院的儿童健康和人类发展研究所儿童发展和行为研究分所所长里德·利昂说:“存在的一个危险是人们倾向于用电脑代替真人指导。”据利昂说,只要父母亲自参与孩子的电脑活动,电脑就可以成为帮助孩子学习的一种绝好工具。 
在“梦想电脑”上寻找教育项目的父母得另觅他处。再者,该系统的总价比有类似配置的普通Jane个人电脑大约贵150美元,而且迪斯尼个人电脑的有些元件还不完善。对孩子而言,正如使用屏保可以保护屏幕不被小孩子黏糊糊的小手弄脏一样,把液晶显示器做成触摸式或许是个很好的附加功能。还有,在系统键盘上装一个橙色大按钮的做法对有些父母来说感觉真是厚颜无耻的重商主义(这个按钮可以使孩子们直接登录到每月要花费9.95美元的“Toontown”网络游戏),这正是他们所瞧不起的。 
另一方面,什么样的父母会不满足子女想得到一件“海绵宝宝”玩具、一个蜘蛛侠餐盒或朵拉背包的愿望呢?既然这种个人电脑可能配有“大耳朵”,那么它就不只是一台米老鼠计算机了。 
用手机学英语,请加听力课堂微信公众号:tingclass123
用户搜索

疯狂英语 英语语法 新概念英语 走遍美国 四级听力 英语音标 英语入门 发音 美语 四级 新东方 七年级 赖世雄 zero是什么意思

  • 频道推荐
  • |
  • 全站推荐
  • 广播听力
  • |
  • 推荐下载
  • 网站推荐