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《考研英语阅读理解100篇 基础版》第5章 法律类 Unit 69






When Gina Garro and Brian Duplisea adopted 4-month-old Andres from Colombia last month,they were determined to take time off from work to care for him.Six years ago,after their daughter,Melina,was born,the family scraped by on Duplisea's $36,000 salary as a construction worker so Garro,a special-education teacher,could stay home.Now,since Garro's job furnishes the family health insurance,she’ll head back to work this fall while Duplisea juggles diapers and baby bottles.His boss agreed to the time off—but he will have to forgo his $18-an-hour pay.It won’t be easy.Though Garro's $40,000 salary will cover their mortgage,the couple will have to freeze their retirement accounts,scale back on Melina's after-school activities—and pray that nothing goes wrong with the car.“It takes away from your cushion and your security,” says Garro.“Things will be tight.” 
The 1993 Family and Medical Leave Act was supposed to help families like Garro’s,offering a safety net to employees who want to take time off to nurture newborns,tend to their own major illnesses or care for sick relatives. But while the law guarantees that workers won’t lose their jobs,it doesn’t cover their paychecks.One survey last year showed that while 24 million Americans had taken leaves since 1999,2.7 million more wanted to,but couldn’t afford it.That may change soon.In response to increasing demands from voters,at least 25 states are now exploring new ways to offer paid leave.One possibility: tapping state disability funds.A handful of states—New York,New Jersey,California,Rhode Island and Hawaii—already dip into disability money to offer partial pay for women on maternity leave.But that doesn’t help dads or people caring for elderly parents.New Jersey and New York may soon expand disability programs to cover leave for fathers and other caretakers.Thirteen states,including Arizona,Illinois and Florida,have proposed using unemployment funds to pay for leave. 
Massachusetts has been especially creative.When the state's acting governor,Jane Swift,gave birth to twin daughters in May,she drew attention to the issue with her own“working maternity leave”: she telecommuted part-time but earned her usual full-time salary.Even before Swift returned to work last week,the state Senate unanimously passed a pilot plan that would use surplus funds from a health-insurance program for the unemployed to give new parents 12 weeks off at half pay.Another plan,proposed in the House,would require employers to kick in $20 per worker to set up a“New Families Trust Fund.” Businesses would get tax credits in return.This week Swift is expected to announce her own paid-leave plan for lower-income mothers and fathers.Polls show widespread public support—another reason Swift and other politicians across the country have embraced the issue. 
Still,not everyone's wild about the idea.People without children question why new parents—the first group to get paid leave under many of the proposed plans—should get more government perks than they do.Business groups are resistant to proposals that would raid unemployment funds; several have already filed suit to block them.As the economy slows,many companies say they can’t afford to contribute to proposed new benefit funds either.Business lobbyists say too many employees already abuse existing federal family-leave laws by taking time off for dubious reasons or in tiny time increments.The proposed laws,they say,would only make matters worse. 
For Garro and Duplisea,though,the new laws could make all the difference.As Melina fixes a peanut-butter-and-jelly sandwich,Duplisea hugs a snoozing Andres against his T T-shirt.“We’re trying to do the right thing by two kids,and we have to sacrifice,” Duplisea says.In Massachusetts and plenty of other states,help may be on the way. 
注(2):本文习题命题模仿对象:第1、2、4、5、3题分别模仿2013年真题Text 2第1、3、2、5题和Text 3 第1题。 
1.From the first paragraph,we learn that ______. 
A) Garro and Duplisea used to live a comfortable and easy life 
B) Duplisea's boss is so considerate as to allow him to keep his job 
C) Garro can earn more money so she should go back to work 
D) the couple have made a lot of sacrifices to take care of their children 
2.When Garro says“It takes away from your cushion and your security”(Lines 8~9,Paragraph 1),she means ______. 
A) it exhausts her family savings 
B) it plunges her family into financial trouble 
C) it deprives her children of health insurance 
D) it makes her feel insecure 
3.If Garro lives in Massachusetts,she will ______. 
A) have 12 weeks off at half pay 
B) telecommute part-time but earn full-time salary 
C) leave her job without pay to take care of her kids 
D) get $20 from her employer for her leave 
4.The word“perk”(Line 2,Paragraph 4)most probably means ______. 
A) grant 
B) policy 
C) encouragement 
D) reward 
5.The author's attitude towards paid leave seems to be that of ______. 
A) opposition 
B) suspicion 
C) approval 
D) indifference 

不过,对于加罗和杜普里希来说,新的法律会使他们的境况大为不同。梅丽娜准备一块花生黄油果冻三明治的时候,杜普里希把怀中打盹的安德烈抱在胸前。“我们正在努力为两个孩子创造好的条件,所以不得不做出牺牲。” 杜普里希说。在马塞诸塞州和其他许多州,也许很快人们就会得到这样的帮助。 

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