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《考研英语阅读理解100篇 基础版》第5章 法律类 Unit 70

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2019年01月18日

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Few lawyers did more to help George W.Bush become president than Barry Richard.As Bush's quarterback in the Florida courts during last fall's bruising recount,the white-maned Tallahassee,Fla.,litigator became a familiar figure to TV audiences.He got the GOP equivalent of rock-star treatment when he came to Washington last January for Bush's Inauguration.At one ball,recalls law partner Fred Baggett,a heavyset Texas woman lifted Richard off the floor and planted a big kiss on his cheek,exclaiming,“I love you for giving us our president!”  
But Richard has discovered that the Bushes’ gratitude has its limits.More than four months after the U.S.Supreme Court ended the 2000 election,he and his firm,Greenberg Traurig,are still owed more than $800,000 in legal fees.The firm,which sent 39 lawyers and 13 paralegals into court battles all over the state,is one of a dozen that have so far been stiffed.The estimated total tab: more than $2 million.The situation,Newsweek has learned,has gotten increasingly sticky.While lawyers complain privately about foot dragging(Richard says he's not among them),Bush advisers are griping about“astronomical” bills—including one from a litigator who charged for more than 24 hours of work in a single day.“What you’ve got here is a bunch of rich lawyers bellyaching,” says one former Bush campaign official.“Yet these guys got huge in-kind contributions to their reputations out of this.”  
The lawyers were supposed to get their money from the Bush Recount Committee,a fund-raising vehicle set up when the Florida fight began.A nebulous entity not legally required to disclose how it spent its money,the committee and its chief fund-raiser,Texas oilman (and now Commerce secretary) Don Evans,swiftly collected $8.3 million—more than twice the $3.9 million Al Gore's recount committee raised to pay its lawyers. To avoid charges that the recount was being bankrolled by special interests,the Bushes imposed a $5,000 cap on individual donations,a PR gesture they now regret.After paying off caterers,air charters and the army of GOP Hill types who came to Florida as“observers,” the“kitty ran dry,” says one source.  
The Bush camp says it intends to pay up.But Ben Ginsberg,the former chief campaign counsel who has inherited the mess,hasn’t yet figured out how.As for the law firms,they are taking pains not to alienate their deadbeat clients,for fear of damaging their burgeoning Washington lobbying practices.Greenberg Traurig now represents electric power companies,drug manufacturers and Internet gambling interests willing to pay big money for access to policymakers.Whether Richard and company collect or not,that $800,000 could end up being a smart investment.  
注(1):本文选自Newsweek;  
注(2):本文习题命题模仿对象:第1、2、3、5、4题分别模仿1995年真题Text 3第1、2、3、5题和Text 4 第1题。  
1.The word“quarterback”(Line 2,Paragraph 1)most probably means ______.  
A) supporter  
B) counsel  
C) assistant  
D) adviser  
2.The main problem Richard is facing now is ______.  
A) the ingratitude of the Bushes  
B) the complaints of his law partners  
C) the unpaid bills  
D) Bush advisers’ criticism  
3.From the passage we can infer that ______.  
A) lawyers also benefited a lot from working for the Bush Camp  
B) Al Gore lost the recount case because his Recount Committee raised far fewer funds than that of Bush’s  
C) Texan women are all very proud of having Bush as their president  
D) the Bushes intend to become deadbeat clients because it does no harm to their relationship with law firms  
4.According to the passage,the Bush Recount Committee ______.  
A) spent all the raised money to pay its lawyers  
B) had got most of its funds from individuals  
C) could have raised more money if they hadn’t imposed a cap on individual donations  
D) had to pay the bills of the army for their help in Bush's election  
5.We can learn from the last paragraph that ______.  
A) the Bush camp also owes electrical power companies and drug manufacturers a lot of money  
B) richard and his company have invested their legal fees to expand their business  
C) greenberg Traurig works for electric power companies,drug manufacturers and Internet gambling interests  
D) law firms don’t want to lose influential clients even if they don’t pay off their legal fees  
 
为了帮助乔治·W.布什成为总统,巴里·理查德做了比大多数律师都要多的工作。作为在去年秋天那场难解难分的重新计票风波中布什的法庭辩护律师,这位来自佛罗里达州塔拉哈西市的满头白发的诉讼律师成了电视观众熟悉的人物。去年一月他到华盛顿参加布什就职典礼的时候,得到了共和党对待摇滚歌星的待遇。据他的律师合伙人弗莱德·巴格特回忆,在一场舞会中,一位体格壮实的得克萨斯妇女将理查德举了起来,在他脸上重重地吻了一下,并且大声说道:“你成就了我们的总统,我爱你!”  
但理查德发现布什阵营的感激是有限的。在美国最高法院裁定2000年选举最终获胜者四个多月后,他和他的“格林伯格·特里格”公司仍然被拖欠了超过80万美元的法律服务费。他的公司将39名律师和13名律师助手派往全州各地参与法庭辩论,现在和其他十几家公司一样没有收到劳务费。估计拖欠费用总计已经超过了200万美元。据《新闻周刊》了解,现在这种局面已经变得越来越困难了。虽然律师们私下对拖延付费颇有微词(理查德说他没有抱怨过),布什的顾问手里还有一大把“天文数字”的账单——包括一位诉讼律师开出的每天超过24小时工作费的账单。“在这里的都是些收入不菲还抱怨个不停的律师。”一位前布什竞选班子的官员说道,“可是这些人还从这项工作中得到了提高他们声望的巨大实惠。”  
这些律师应该从布什重新计票委员会那里拿到他们的报酬。该委员会成立于佛罗里达之争开始的时候,其主要工作就是筹集资金。法律不要求这个性质模糊的机构透露其使用资金的情况。该委员会和它的主要筹资人,得克萨斯州石油商(现商务秘书)唐·伊万斯很快就筹集了830万美元——比艾尔·戈尔重新计票委员会所筹集的390万美元资金的两倍还多,并主要用这笔钱来支付律师费用。为了避免被指控其重新计票工作获得特殊利益集团的资助,布什班子对个人捐款设置5000美元的上限,现在他们正为这种公关姿态后悔不已。在付清了用于包办伙食、包租飞机以及到佛罗里达“观察”助阵的共和党议员团的账单之后,“筹集的资金已经所剩无几”,一位知情人说道。  
布什阵营说他们想要付清账单。但前主要竞选顾问本·金斯伯格面对着接手的一团糟局面还没有理出头绪。至于那些法律事务所,他们正在尽力不疏远那些赖账的客户,以免损害他们在华盛顿刚刚起步的院外游说业务。现在“格林伯格·特里格”公司代表着那些愿意出巨资来接近政策制定者的电力公司、药品制造商和互联网博彩行业。不论理查德及其公司能不能收回法律服务费,那80万美元都是一笔精明的投资。  
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