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《考研英语阅读理解100篇 基础版》第7章 医药类 Unit 90

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2019年01月22日

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Watching a child struggle to breathe during an asthma attack is frightening for any parent.So it is only natural that most moms and dads will try just about anything—including spending a lot of money—to keep an attack at bay.Trouble is,more than half of parents are trying strategies that simply don’t work and wasting hundreds of dollars in the process,according to a study published last week in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 
The report,based on interviews with the parents of 896 asthmatic children in 10 different cities,contained some good news.Eighty percent of parents had a handle on at least one of the triggers that worsened their children's asthma.After that,however,many parents seemed to go astray,taking precautions that weren’t helpful“and made little sense,” according to Dr.Michael Cabana,a pediatrician at the University of Michigan's C.S.Mott Children's Hospital,who led the study. 
One of the most common mistakes was to buy a mattress cover to protect against dust mites for a child whose asthma was exacerbated instead by plant pollen.Many of those parents then neglected to do what would have helped a lot more: shut the windows to keep pollen out.Another was using a humidifier for a child who was allergic to dust mites; a humidifier tends to be a place where dust mites like to breed.With those allergies,a dehumidifier works better. 
Worst of all was the number of smokers with asthmatic children who didn’t even try to quit or at least limit themselves to smoking outdoors rather than just moving to another room or the garage.Second-hand smoke has been proved,over and over again,to be a major trigger of asthma attacks.Many smoking parents purchased expensive air filters that have what Cabana called“questionable utility.” 
Part of the problem,Dr.Cabana and his colleagues believe,is that parents are bombarded by television ads that encourage them to buy products such as air and carpet fresheners,ionizers and other remedies that are often expensive but medically unnecessary. And doctors may not always take the time,or have the time,to explain to parents what will and won’t work in their child's particular case.For example,allergies are usually a problem for older children with asthma,while kids 5 and younger more frequently have trouble with viral respiratory infections.So make sure you understand what's really triggering your child's asthma.And remember,the best solutions are not always the most expensive ones. 
注(1):本文选自Time; 
注(2):本文习题命题模仿对象为2004年真题Text 1。 
1.What does the study by Dr.Michael Cabana indicate? 
A) Parents are eager to cure their children's disease. 
B) Many parents are wasting money for their children's frightening disease. 
C) Many parents fail to find the effective way for their children's disease. 
D) Parents feel worried about their children's disease. 
2.Which of the following is NOT the trigger of asthma attacks? 
A) Humidifier. 
B) Second-hand smoke. 
C) Plant pollen. 
D) Dust mites. 
3.The expression“to keep an attack at bay” (Line 3,Paragraph 1)most probably means ______. 
A) to ease the attack 
B) to lessen the attack 
C) to continue the attack 
D) to prevent the attack 
4.Why are the parents in such a dilemma? 
A) The doctors are not responsible enough. 
B) Parents are influenced much by ads. 
C) Parents are ignorant of the disease. 
D) The quality of medical products is not good. 
5.Which of the following is TRUE according to the text? 
A) Parents shouldn’t spend too much money on the children. 
B) The expensive products are not always good. 
C) To know the real trigger of the disease is very important. 
D) Parents often make mistakes. 

对每一位家长来说,看到自己的孩子哮喘病发作而挣扎着呼吸真是令人胆战心惊。因此,大多数父母想尽一切办法甚至不惜花费大笔钱财来预防其子女哮喘病发作的做法也就再自然不过了。但问题是,有一多半父母采取的应对措施并没有发挥效应,他们只是在浪费大把的钱财——这个结论是依据上周出版的《过敏症和临床免疫学》杂志上刊载的一项研究结果得出来的。 
这篇报道采访了10个不同城市的896名哮喘患儿的父母,其中还是有好消息的。80%的父母至少知道一种使孩子病情恶化的诱因。但是,除此以外,很多家长就无计可施了,采取的预防措施帮助不大,“而且毫无道理”,迈克尔·卡巴纳博士如是说。他是牵头这一研究的密歇根大学C.S.Mott儿童医院的儿科医生。 
其中一种最为常见的错误就是为由于植物花粉过敏而导致哮喘病加重的孩子购买床褥保护套去抵挡尘螨的侵扰。很多家长忘记了一个更为有效的办法:关紧窗户,避免花粉干扰。另一种常见错误就是为对尘螨过敏的孩子购买加湿器;殊不知加湿器是尘螨最易于繁殖的地方。对于这类过敏症,使用干燥器作用会更大些。 
最糟糕的一种情况是家有患哮喘病的孩子,可抽烟的家长不但不戒烟,还不到外面抽,也不换个房间或到车库去抽。吸二手烟一次又一次地被证实是哮喘病发作的主要诱因。很多抽烟的家长不惜花大价钱购买被卡巴纳称为“值得怀疑的器具”的空气过滤器。 
卡巴纳博士和他的同事认为,部分问题在于家长经不住电视广告的狂轰滥炸。这些电视广告怂恿他们购买那些往往昂贵却没有医疗效果的产品,比如空气和地毯清洁剂、离子发生器和其他一些药品。医生可能也不会花时间,或者说有时间去向父母解释对于孩子的具体病例什么有用、什么没用。比如说,大龄哮喘病儿童患者通常是过敏症,而五岁或五岁以下的儿童常常是病毒性呼吸道感染疾病。所以你一定得弄清楚孩子患哮喘病的真正诱因,并且记住,花钱最多的办法并不一定就是最好的办法。 
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