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《考研英语阅读理解100篇 高分版》 Unit 10 - TEXT THREE

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2019年02月07日

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The partygoers who gathered on a small farm outside campus were not your typical gaggle of business school students. Sure, some would soon move on to plum jobs at investment banks and oil companies, but instead of traditionally celebrating their success, they opted for a “sellout party”. The event was held by students at the University of Michigan Erb Institute, a three-year, dual-degree program between the university's business and natural resources schools. Most of the institute's students are environmental advocates first, business people second, yet see the importance of money in making a difference. They represent a small but growing cadre of M.B.A.-wielding social activists who plan to bring about change, one PowerPoint presentation at a time.
Greg Shopoff, a third-year student at the Erb Institute, studied geology at Colorado College and briefly considered going into environmental law. But he found the legal profession too slow for his tastes and opted for business school. “If you can harness the impact of business for good,” he says, “you have the potential for larger-scale change in a shorter period of time.” More students have begun thinking like Shopoff, and business schools clearly see the shift. At the Erb Institute, director Tom Lyon notes the program has grown from five new students a year to as many as 25. The sheer number of business school classes like Corporate Social Responsibility and Competitive Environmental Strategy is up across the country, and school officials say students are asking for more conferences, lectures, and workshops on social and environmental stewardship. “This generation has grown up with a much higher global awareness,” says Kriss Deiglmeier, director of the Stanford School of Business Center for Social Innovation. “They see what kind of problems we're facing and want to be engaged in solving them.”
On the hiring side of the job market, recruiters from both non- and for-profits are looking increasingly for this type of multifaceted talent. In the non-profit sector, the push makes good business sense. More money is now at stake within mission-based organizations than just a couple of years ago, and the non-profits compete more fiercely with one another for funds and with corporations for government contracts. “A decade ago, the non-profits would not have appreciated as much how useful an M.B.A. would be,” says Sharon Oster, director of the Yale School of Management Program on Social Enterprise. “Now there are more opportunities for M.B.A. grads to move into that sector.”
Corporations provide the rest of the rising demand for these students, especially as they see that environmental values can help boost the bottom line. Both companies and environmental consulting groups are hiring. Environmental Defense—a non-profit advocacy group that partnered with FedEx to promote its hybrid electric fleet and also helped McDonald's phase out Styrofoam packaging—actively seeks out multidisciplinary employees who understand environmental issues but use business acumen to address them.
The intersection between financial know-how and social responsibility is not really new—just look at the number of CEOs on the boards of the non-profits and charities. But as M.B.A. programs have stepped up, schools serve not only as the nexus between corporate America and students but also as the link between business savvy and the need for social and environmental advocacy.
1. Students at the University of Michigan Erb Institute held the party probably in order to _____.
[A] promote the three-year, dual-degree program
[B] attract the attention of investment banks and oil companies
[C] work out measures to solve environmental problems
[D] raise a fund for environmental protection
2. Greg Shopoff chose to study business rather than environmental law because _____.
[A] he was more interested in business than in legal profession
[B] he thought business was a shortcut for him to become an influential person
[C] he wanted to solve the environmental problems through business that he can make better use of
[D] he thought legal procedures can not harness the impact of business for good
3. The non-profits need to hire more M.B.A. graduates now than a decade ago because _____.
[A] there are more vacancies in the non-profits than before
[B] the non-profits are now also doing business to earn more money
[C] the non-profits need to be more efficient so as to be more competitive
[D] the non-profits have to compete with the for-profits for funds now
4. The case of Environmental Defense implies that _____.
[A] the non-profit is united with the for-profit to make common efforts in environmental protection
[B] corporations are in great need of multifaceted organizations to work with companies on environmental issues
[C] non-profit organizations are switching more attention on environmental business
[D] non-profit organizations are helping business to be more environmentally friendly through business practices
5. By this passages, the author tries to show us that _____.
[A] business world is turning its attention to integrating business with environmental issues
[B] business corporations can be united with the non-profits in environmental protection
[C] multidisciplinary students are increasingly popular in the non-profits as well as in corporations
[D] there is a trend for business students to make use of business acumen for advocating environmental protection

1. Students at the University of Michigan Erb Institute held the party probably in order to _____.
[A] promote the three-year, dual-degree program
[B] attract the attention of investment banks and oil companies
[C] work out measures to solve the environmental problems
[D] raise a fund for environmental protection
1. 密歇根大学Erb学院的学生举办这次聚会可能是为了 _____。
[A] 宣传为期三年的双学位项目
[B] 吸引投资银行和石油公司的注意
[C] 找出解决环境问题的方法
[D] 为环境保护募集资金
答案:C 难度系数:☆
分析:推理题。文章第一段指出,这些学生不是一般的学商业的学生,他们举行聚会不是为了庆祝自己已经在好公司找到了工作,他们是环境保护的倡议者,这是他们的第一身份。他们计划改变现状,也就是环境的现状,那么,选项C是符合题意的。文章中没有提到选项D这一点。
2. Greg Shopoff chose to study business rather than environ-mental law because _____.
[A] he was more interested in business than in legal profession
[B] he thought business was a shortcut for him to become an influential person
[C] he wanted to solve the environmental problems through business that he can make better use of
[D] he thought legal procedures can not harness the impact of business for good
2. Greg Shopoff选择学习商业而不是学习环境法,是因为 _____。
[A] 他对商业比对法律更感兴趣
[B] 他认为学习商业是使自己成为有影响人士的捷径
[C] 他想要通过能更好利用的商业手段来解决环境问题
[D] 他认为法律程序不能永远控制商业对环境的影响
答案:C 难度系数:☆☆☆
分析:推理题。文章第二段提到,Greg一开始考虑研究环境法,但是他发现法律行业对于他的嗜好来说进度太慢了,于是就选择了商业。根据上下文,他的爱好是保护环境。他认为,如果能够控制商业影响,那么在短时间内就能发生极大的变化。选项C符合题意。D,他只是觉得法律程序进度过慢,但不一定不能控制商业影响。
3. The non-profits need to hire more M.B.A. graduates now than a decade ago because _____.
[A] there are more vacancies in the non-profits than before
[B] the non-profits are now also doing business to earn more money
[C] the non-profits need to be more efficient so as to be more competitive
[D] the non-profits have to compete with the for-profits for funds now
3. 相比十几年前,非营利组织需要雇用更多的工商管理硕士,这是因为 _____。
[A] 相比以前,非营利组织中有更多的空职
[B] 非营利组织现在也从事商业活动来赚更多的钱
[C] 非营利组织需要更加有效率,从而更有竞争力
[D] 现在非营利组织需要和营利机构竞争以获取资金
答案:C 难度系数:☆☆☆☆
分析:细节题。文章第三段提到,相比前两年,非营利机构要和别的机构竞争以获取资金,也要和公司竞争得到政府的合同,因此才需要工商管理人才,选项C最为符合题意。
4. The case of Environmental Defense implies that _____.
[A] the non-profit is united with the for-profit to make common efforts in environmental protection
[B] corporations are in great need of multifaceted organizations to work with companies on environmental issues
[C] non-profit organizations are switching more attention on environmental issues
[D] non-profit organizations are helping business to be more environmentally friendly through business practices
4. “环境保护”组织的例子说明了 _____。
[A] 在保护环境问题上,非营利组织和营利组织共同努力
[B] 公司对综合性组织的需求量很大,以与公司合作,共同应对环境问题
[C] 非营利组织现在也把更多的注意力转移到环境问题上
[D] 非营利组织现在在帮助商业企业在其商业行为中更加环保
答案:D 难度系数:☆☆☆
分析:推理题。第四段提到了“环境保护”组织和联邦快递公司一起促进使用混合电力车,也帮助麦当劳逐步停止使用聚乙烯塑料包装物,积极寻求具备综合能力的员工,他们懂得环境知识,也可以使用商业知识来进行工作。结合上下文,这个例子还是为了说明该组织希望公司在商业行为中加强环保。因此,选项D最为符合题意。
5. By this passages, the author tries to show us that _____.
[A] business world is turning its attention to integrating business with environmental issues
[B] business corporations can be united with the non-profits in environmental protection
[C] multidisciplinary students are increasingly popular in the non-profits as well as in corporations
[D] there is a trend for business students to make use of business acumen for advocating environmental protection
5. 通过这篇文章,作者想要告诉我们 _____。
[A] 商业界正在将其注意力转移到把商业和环境问题联系起来上
[B] 在环保方面,商业公司可以与非营利组织联合
[C] 非营利组织和公司都越来越需要跨学科学生
[D] 有一种趋势是,商业专业的学生利用他们的商业敏感性来推进环保
答案:D 难度系数:☆☆☆☆
分析:主旨题。这篇文章讲述了许多致力于环境保护的学生学习了商业,希望通过这种方式可以更好、更快地解决环境问题,那么这也就说明了,学生们倾向于将环境问题和商业敏感性结合起来,因此选项D最为符合。

在校外一家小农场开聚会的那群人可不是一般的商学院学生。当然,他们中很快就会有人去投资银行或石油公司工作,但是他们现在并不是像通常那样在庆祝自己成功就业,而选择了一个“宣传会”的形式。这个活动由密歇根大学Erb学院的学生举办,是该大学商业学院和自然资源学院为期三年的双学位项目。该学院的大部分学生首先是环保倡导者,然后才是商业人士,他们发现金钱可以改变现状的重要性。他们代表一小群正在发展壮大的工商管理硕士社会活动者,他们希望能带来一些变化,每次都会有幻灯片展示。
Greg Shopoff是Erb学院的三年级学生,他在科罗拉多学院学习地质学,现在暂时考虑研究环境法。但是他发现法律行业于他的嗜好而言进度太慢,于是选择了商学院。“如果你可以控制商业影响往好的方向发展,”他说,“你就有可能在很短的时间内促成极大的变化。”现在有越来越多的学生与Shopoff的想法一样,而商学院也发现了这种变化。Erb学院的主任Tom Lyon发现,该项目已经从一开始的每年5名新生发展为现在的25名。全国各地的商学院都在开设“共同社会责任”、“竞争环境策略”之类的课程,学院官员称,学生希望有更多有关社会和环境工作的会议、讲座及研讨会。“这一代是在更强的全球化意识中成长起来的,”斯坦福大学社会创新商业中心的Kriss Deighmeier说,“他们明白我们面对的是什么样的问题,希望可以参与解决这些问题。”
在人才市场,越来越多的营利或非营利机构的招聘人员也在寻找这种多面型的人才。在非营利机构中,这种趋势有很好的商业意义。比起前两年,如今营利机构内部资金更为紧张,而非营利机构为了得到更多资金而彼此激烈竞争,同时,为了拿到政府的合同而与营利机构竞争。“10年之前,非营利机构还不明白一个工商管理硕士的价值,”耶鲁大学社会企业管理项目学院主任Sharon Oster说道,“现在工商管理硕士到这些部门工作的机会多了。”
公司将自己日益增加的职位提供给了这类学生,尤其当他们发现环境价值可以帮助提升发展底线时。公司和环境咨询机构都在雇用此类人才。“环境保护”组织是一家非营利的宣传机构,和联邦快递公司一起促进混合电力车的使用,还帮助麦当劳逐步停止使用聚乙烯塑料包装物,该机构积极寻求具备综合能力的员工,他们既懂得环境知识,又可以使用商业知识来工作。
金融方面的知识与社会责任的结合并不是什么新鲜事了,看看那些非营利机构和慈善团体董事会中首席执行官的数量就可以明白这一点。但是随着工商管理硕士项目的增加,学校不再仅仅是美国商业界和学生之间的纽带,而且也是商业知识和社会环境宣传需求之间的纽带。
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