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> 公共英语 > 公共英语考试教程 > 全国英语等级考试教材第三级 >  第5课

全国英语等级考试教材第三级Unit05

所属教程:全国英语等级考试教材第三级

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https://online2.tingclass.net/lesson/shi0529/0008/8646/1/5.mp3
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[00:00.00] CHAPTER 5 FOOD AND DRINK

[00:13.09]Unit 5 Food and Drink

[00:19.25]Conversations

[00:22.80]Mick and his landlady are talking what they like at a meal.

[00:30.98]You'll be having meals with us.

[00:35.03]Is there any type of food that you don't like or that I can't cook for you?

[00:41.51]Erm,not really.The only thing is:I'm not very keen of fish.

[00:50.16]Not very keen on fish? No.

[00:54.73]Oh,well,that's not too much of a problem.Erm,something else.Oh.I don't like tea,I never drink tea.

[00:59.69]Erm,something else.Oh.I don't like tea,I never drink tea.

[01:07.45]Oh,you never drink tea?

[01:11.71]I usually have coffee.

[01:15.65]oh,we usually have tea all the time.

[01:21.01]Oh dear!

[01:24.06]Erm,I'll mak you some coffee.

[01:28.50]Daisy and Lily are going to a snack bar.

[01:35.74]We'd better get something to eat,please.

[01:40.28]Let's go to snack bar,I hope you'll like it.

[01:46.24]Well,I've never been to one before,

[01:50.99]so you'll have to show me how to get round there.

[01:55.85]Ok,you see,it's a kink of help-yourslef serivce.

[02:03.01]You just line up and tell them what you want,and they'll give it to you.

[02:09.36]Come along.

[02:12.73]I guess we'll ahve to join the line there.

[02:17.27]Yes.You go and follow the line and I'm going to pick up the trays,

[02:24.35]knives and forks.

[02:27.91]Tom and Alice are continuing their conversation while having their meal.

[02:36.66]Have some of the sweet and sour fish,please.

[02:41.23]It's appetizing and tasty.

[02:45.88]Will you have another cup of coke?

[02:50.45]No,thank you.I'm afraid it's a bit too much for me.

[02:55.80]How about having a glass of white wine to go with the fish?

[03:01.86]That's a good idea.This dish is really wonderful.

[03:07.51]What about some fruit?Help yourself to an apple,please.

[03:13.67]It's very juicy.I must say we've had a splendid meal.

[03:19.84]Mary is talking with her neighbour Sue about how to make fruit salad.

[03:28.61]Good morning,Mary,could you tell me how to make a fruit salad?

[03:34.78]Of course,it's my pleasure.

[03:39.22]Well,first of all,you select the fruit that you want,

[03:45.10]and then you wash it very carefully.

[03:49.36]Erm,then go about peeling it.

[03:54.81]Start off with,say,the apples,peeling them,

[04:00.88]washing them thoroughly,chopping them up into shapes.

[04:06.52]Peeling the ba...bananas,chopping them up,

[04:12.68]putting a little bit of lemon juice so that they don't go brown.

[04:18.43]Erm,taking the grapes,washing them,cutting them up.

[04:25.20]Erm,pears,you could do the same thing for them.

[04:31.67]Putting them all together,

[04:35.62]sprinking them Liberally with sugar,er,a little bit more lemon juice,

[04:43.06]putting them into a bowl,and there you have a fruit salad.

[04:49.31]I see.Thank you very much.I'll have a try.

[04:55.26]Passage Enjoy Eating at"Melting Pot"

[05:02.11]"You are what you eat."

[05:05.76]Nutrition experts often use this saying to promote better eating babits.

[05:12.63]What we put in our mouth does become a part of us.

[05:18.09]But we can look at this statement another way.

[05:22.95]What we eat reflects who we are-as people and as a culture.

[05:29.61]Do you want to understand another culture?

[05:34.16]Then you ought to find out about its food.

[05:38.83]As a foreign traveler can prove,

[05:43.48]the relation between food and national identity is close and strong.

[05:50.15]Not only do citizents of most nations come to perceive

[05:55.79]some aspect of their cuisine as distinctive,

[06:01.14]but nations themselves are typically associated with particular food.

[06:07.60]Countries are what they eat,or at the very least,

[06:13.45]people tend to think of nations is culinary terms.

[06:18.80]Thus,learning about American food can give us a real taste of American cultrue.

[06:26.06]What is "American food?At first you might think the answer is easy as pie.

[06:33.61]To many people,American food means hamburgers,hot dogs,fried chicken and pizza.

[06:41.76]If you have a "sweet tooth",

[06:45.60]you might even think of apple pie or chocolate chip cookies.

[06:51.06]It's true that American do eat those things.

[06:56.42]But are those the only thing you can find in America?

[07:01.77]Except for thanksgiving turkey,it's hard to find typically"American"food.

[07:09.53]The United States is a land of immigrants.

[07:14.39]So Americans eat food from many different countries.

[07:19.54]When people move to America,they bring their cooking styles with them.

[07:25.91]That's why you can find almost every kink of ethnic food in America.

[07:32.47]In some cases,Americans have adopted foods from other countries as favorites.

[07:39.52]Americans love Italian pizze,Mexican tacos and Chinese egg rolls.

[07:47.38]But the American version doesn't taste quite like the original.

[07:52.97]As with any large country,the US has several distinct regions.

[07:59.63]Each region boasts its own special style of food.

[08:05.49]Visit the South and enjoy country-style cooking.

[08:11.05]Journey through Louisiana for some spicy Cajun cuisine.

[08:17.50]Take a trip to New England and sample savory seafood dishes.

[08:23.88]Travel through the Midwest,"the bread-basket of the nation",

[08:29.52]for delicious baked foods.

[08:33.78]Cruise over tot he Southwest and try some tasty TexMex treats.

[08:40.62]Finish your food four in the Pacific Northwest with some gourmet coffee.

[08:47.28]Americans living at a fast pace often just"grab a quick bite".

[08:53.84]Fast food restaurants offer people on the run

[08:58.41]everything from fried chicken to fried rice.

[09:03.37]Microwave dinners and instant foods make cooking a home a snap.

[09:09.93]Of course,one of the most common quick American meals is a sandwich.

[09:16.46]If it can fit between two slices of breadm,

[09:21.50]Americans probably make a sandwich out of it.

[09:25.94]Peanut butter and jelly are all-time American favorites.

[09:31.12]Aericans on the go also tend to eat a lot of "junk food".

[09:37.36]Potao chips,candy bar,soft drinks and other goodies are popular treats.

[09:44.52]Many people eat too many of these unhealthy snacks.

[09:50.76]But others opt for more healthy eating habits.

[09:55.93]Some even go"all natural".

[10:00.69]They refuse to eat any food prepared with chemicals or additives.

[10:06.75]American culturre is a good illustration of the saying"You are what you eat."

[10:13.69]Americans represent a wide range of backgrounds and ways of thinking.

[10:20.07]The variety of foods enjoyed in the US reflects the diversity of personal tastes.

[10:27.62]The food may be international or regional.

[10:32.48]Sometimes it's fast,and sometimes it's not so fast.

[10:38.64]It might be junk food,or maybe it's natural food.

[10:43.92]In any case,the style is all-American.

[10:48.88]Words and Expressions

[10:53.04]nutrition expert promote statement

[10:56.81]营养;营养品 专家,行家 促进;发扬 声明;陈述

[11:00.58]identity perceive aspect cuisine

[11:04.41]物性 感到,认识到 方面 烹饪,烹调风格

[11:08.24]distinctive typically tend culinary

[11:12.07]与从不同的,有物色的 代表性地,作为物色的 趋向,往往是 厨房的,烹调用的

[11:15.89]hamburger pizza thanksgiving turkey

[11:19.77]牛肉饼;汉堡包 比萨饼 感恩节 火鸡

[11:23.65]immigrant cooking style ethnic

[11:27.28]移民,侨民 烹饪 风格,时尚 民族的

[11:30.91]adopt version distinct sample

[11:34.69]采用 译文,译本 截然不同的,独特的 尝试

[11:38.46]savory seafood gourmet grab

[11:42.39]风味极佳的,可口的 海产食品,海味 美食家,美酒 抓住

[11:46.32]on the run microwave snap slice

[11:50.20]匆匆忙忙 微波 容易方便的事 薄片,切片

[11:54.08]peanut jelly all-time treat

[11:57.81]花生 果子冻,一和果冻甜品 空前的,创纪录的 使人愉快的事

[12:01.53]unhealthy snack additive illustration

[12:05.55]不健康的 小吃,快餐 添加剂 说明;例证

[12:09.57]saying represent range background

[12:13.60]谚语 表现;描绘 范围 背景

[12:17.62]reflect diversity

[12:20.05]反射,反映 差异,多样性

[12:22.48]Exercises Section I Listening Comprehension

[12:29.32]Listen to the record.

[12:33.27]Answer each question by choosing A,B,C or D from the four possible choices.

[12:42.23]A

[12:45.57]1.Good evening,what would you like,coffee,tea or the mineral water?

[12:53.04]The last one.

[12:56.49]2.This is 2.5 yuan,your change.

[13:02.86]I like to give it to you as a tip.

[13:07.72]3.I suggest we go to have kentucky fried chicken.

[13:13.97]It's your favorite.I'd rather have Beijing roasted duck,anyway.

[13:21.12]4.OK,6 yuan for 2 bottles of soda water.

[13:28.07]3 yuan for a cup of coke.4.5 yuan for your coffee.

[13:35.02]OK,here is a bill of 50 yuan.

[13:40.38]5.I can't bear the smell in the kitchen,is the meat rotten?

[13:48.53]No,you are wrong.It must be some eggs you bought last month.

[13:55.40]B

[13:58.24]Xiao Li and Jiang Li are ready to have lunch in a restaurant.

[14:04.59]What would you like to have?

[14:08.25]Er...It's hot today,I'd like to start with coke.

[14:14.60]Ok,I'll have beer or wine?Er,beer,Ok,two bottles of beer.

[14:24.13]Order your favorite dishes,please.

[14:28.28]Ok,let me see.I like to shredded park and fried kidneys,what about you?

[14:36.54]Braised beef and stewed eggplant.

[14:41.89]I prefer the stewed eggplant too.

[14:46.33]Any more?

[14:49.39]Yeah,last time,we had strawberries here,today I want to have apricots.

[14:57.15]Oh,a changable lady.I know that you prefer strawberries to apricots.Why...

[15:05.69]I am watering at the sight of them.

[15:10.13]OK,good.Rice?

[15:15.41]Of course.

[15:18.57]I have no idea why you like rice so much,

[15:24.13]frankly speaking,I like noodles.I'll have a bowl of noodles.

[15:30.80]A typical man from the North.Ok,I'll have the rice,you,the "delicious"noodles.

[15:39.86]Supplementary Reading The Incredible Potato

[15:46.94]This is the vegetable that conquered the world:

[15:52.40]the peasant's life support,the food lover's delight,

[15:58.46]nutritious,loved adn hated-the incredible potato,the amazing spud.

[16:06.64]Among the first Europeans to see the plant the Indians called"papa"

[16:13.58]were Francisco Pizarro and his soldiers.

[16:18.63]When they invaded Peru in the 1530s,

[16:23.95]they were unaware of the buried treasure beneath their feet.

[16:29.91]They rode roughly over the papa in hot pursuit of the Inca Emperor,

[16:36.28]Atahualpa,and his gold.

[16:40.93]Introduced into Eurpo over the next years,

[16:46.29]the potato began four centuries of world conquest.

[16:52.35]The Inca Empire has vanished.Spain's glory is only a memory.

[16:59.72]The potato still survives.

[17:04.39]Compared to the vast benefits this unusual plant has given to man,

[17:11.24]all the gold of Peru becomes worthless.

[17:17.01]Today,the potato is produced in 130 of the world's 167 independent countries.

[17:27.04]One year's crop,at consumer prices,is worth 106 billion dollars,

[17:36.99]more than the value of all the gold and silver

[17:42.03]the Spanish ever took out of the New World.

[17:47.02]The average annual crop(29 million tons)

[17:53.27]could cover a four-lane superhighway circling the world six times.

[18:00.82]The potato si so nutritious that a man in Scandinavia

[18:07.27]lived healthly for 300 days on only spuds covered with a bit of margarine.

[18:14.71]It takes seven pounds of potatoes to tatal 2500 calories,

[18:22.37]the approximate adult daily requirement;

[18:27.72]so eating a spud without cream or butter

[18:32.40]is no more fattening than eating a pear

[18:37.05]-the potato itself is 99.9 percent fat free.

[18:43.53]An acre of potatoes yields almost as much food as two acres of grain,

[18:50.68]and when the water that composes about 80 percent of potatoes is squeezed out,

[18:58.44]they provide annually more dry food

[19:02.88]than the combined world wide consumption of fish and meat.

[19:08.53]without potatoes,meat production would fall and meat prices rise;

[19:15.79]nearly half the world's crop is fed to animals.

[19:21.56]What has made the potato a king among vegetables?

[19:27.20]Fruitfulness,strength,nutritiousness and,above all,its many uses,

[19:35.98]which is why in India a man who can do anything is called"alu"-potato.

[19:44.13]Nutritionists rate the quality of potato protein higher than of the soybean,

[19:52.31]and a single spud can supply half the daily Vitamin C requirement of an adult,

[19:59.46]a fact sea captains early guessed

[20:04.32]at when they carried potatoes to prevent disease among their crews.

[20:10.57]If captain and crew had been cast away on an island with a sack of potatoes,

[20:17.93]they could have grown a ton of food within a year and survived.

[20:23.58]With milk they could have held out indefinitely.

[20:28.72]A potato crop is as well suited to home gardening

[20:34.89]as it is large-scale commercial production.

[20:39.93]It may also become a useful source of energy in the decades to come,

[20:46.56]we may be burning potato gasohol in our cars.

[20:52.31]When Henry Ford first got into the automobile business,

[20:58.27]he predicted the world would soon run out of cheap petroleum.

[21:03.73]To make alochol,he ordered potatoes from Europe

[21:09.47]that were grown for industrial purposes,

[21:14.04]but the project was apparently disastrous.

[21:18.90]The way things are going,it looks like Ford did have a better idea.

[21:25.56]Researchers have shown that one acre of potatoes can yied

[21:32.04]1 200 gallons of pure alochol in a year.

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