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新概念英语第二册逐句精讲语言点 第33课(1)

所属教程:新概念英语文章

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lixiao

2015年03月02日

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33课 Out of the darkness

Nearly a week passed before the girl was able toexplain what had happened to her. Oneafternoon she set out from the coast in a smallboat and was caught in a storm. Towardsevening, the boat struck a rock and the girljumped into the sea. Then she swam to the shoreafter spending the whole night in the water. Duringthat time she covered a distance of eight miles. Earlynextmorning, she saw a light ahead. She knew shewas near the shore because the light was high up onthe cliffs. On arriving at the shore, the girl struggled up the cliff towards the light she hadseen. That was all she remembered. When she woke up a day later, she found herself inhospital.

语法归纳:以字母a开头的同汇

一句话总结:以字母a开头的形容词,在句子中常作表语,作定语时则要置于名词后,形成后置定语。

对比学习以a开头形容词与去掉a后的词汇:

alive adj.活着的(作表语)→live adj.活的;生动的(修饰物,作定语)

alone adj./adv.独自的(地)(作形容词时作表语)→ lone adj.孤单的(作定语)

asleep adj.睡着的(作表语)→ sleep n./v.睡觉

awake adj.醒着v.叫醒(作形容询时作表语)→ wake v.叫醒,醒来

alike adj.相像的(作表语) → like v.喜欢 prep.像……一样adj.相像的,类似的(作形容词既可作定语,又可作表语)

arise v.产生,发生,出现 → rise v.起来;上涨,上升

across prep/adv.穿过,横过 → cross v.穿过,横过

await v.等候 → wait v.等候(不能直接加宾语)

aloud adv.大声地(与read, call, cry等词连用,无比较级和最高级形式)→ loud adv.大声地,响亮地(常与talk, speak, shout, laugh等连用,比较级为louder,最高级为loudest)

精讲笔记:

1、Nearly a week passed before the girl was able to explain what had happened to her.

几乎过了一个星期,那姑娘才能讲述自己的遭遇。

语言点1 此句还可改为:

It has been nearly a week before the girl was able to explain what had happened to her.

再例:Nearly five hours passed before he came.几乎过了五个小时,他才过来。

语言点2 what had happened to her为explain的宾语从句。

例:Can you explain why you did not go to school? 你能解释一下为什么没去上学吗?

2、One afternoon she set out from the coast in a small boat and was caught in a storm.

一天下午,她乘小船从海岸出发,遇上了一场风暴。

语言点1 one afternoon某一个下午(参考Lesson32课文分析)

语言点2 was caught in被卷入

3、Towards evening, the boat struck a rock and the girl jumped into the sea.

天将黑时,小船撞上了一块礁石,姑娘跳进了海里。

语言点1 towards evening = toward evening接近晚上,天将黑时 toward在美式英语中更常见,而在英式英语中towards是主要形式。

语言点2 strike意为“撞上,打击”过去式为struck,过去分词英式为struck,美式为stricken。

重要短语:on strike罢工;strike hands达成协议,成交;air strike空袭


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