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剥掉复杂句子外衣——去除不定式

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2019年05月10日

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去除不定式

不定式一般是用来修饰做宾语的名词的,当它修饰名词时,要放在名词之后。

I have lots of clothes to wash.句子中的to wash 就是用来修饰clothes的不定式。可以说,这是不定式的形容词用法,一般翻译为“……的”。所以这句话翻译为“我有很多要洗的衣服。”由于它是修饰性信息,所以,我们要把它删去。句子变成I have lots of clothes.

除了名词后面可以接不定式之外,整个句子也可以接不定式。这个时候,不定式就做状语来使用。

I went home early to watch TV.句子中to watch TV 是修饰的整个句子,表示“ 为了要看电视”。early 是副词,也可以删去。将这些细节信息去除后,句子变为I went home.后就容易看懂了。

有很多时候,不定式可以放在句首,强调“目的”。

To watch TV, I went home early.

同样地,这个句子中的不定式也需要删去。

现在让我们做一下练习吧!

1.I want to have a new toy to please myself.

2.It is a wonderful place to have a good time.

3.It is fun to watch comedies.

4.I have little money to spend these days.

5.I finally found the way to go home with his help.

超强实践

Scotland is joining Wales and Northern Ireland in charging shoppers for carrier bags, in an attempt to encourage sustainable behaviour among shoppers.Last year, shoppers at Scotland's main supermarket chains alone used 800m single-use bags, most of which end up as litter, landfill or polluting the country's marine and natural environments.

The minimum 5p charge applies to all bags, whether plastic, paper or biodegradable, and covers all retailers.Evidence from Wales and Northern Ireland suggests that usage is likely to be cut by about 70%.

The Scottish environment secretary, Richard Lochhead, said:“Our carrier bag addiction is symptomatic of our throwaway culture and has serious implications for the environment.

“Huge numbers of these bags end up as litter, blighting our communities and clogging up our seas and natural habitats, affecting many sorts of wildlife and marine species in particular.”

Although proceeds from the charge belong to the retailer, Zero Waste Scotland, which is piloting the scheme, is encouraging shops to sign up to a voluntary agreement to donate the extra money to good causes in Scotland, particularly ones that benefit the environment.

Superdry, Marks & Spencer, the Co-operative Group and several other retailers have pledged to do so, with Tesco holding a public vote which decided to donate to the Keep Scotland Beautiful campaign.

删减版

Scotland is joining Wales and Northern Ireland in charging shoppers for carrier bags, in an attempt to encourage sustainable behaviour among shoppers.Last year, shoppers at Scotland's main supermarket chains alone used 800m single-use bags, most of which end up (as litter, landfill or polluting the country's marine and natural environments).

The minimum 5p charge applies to all bags, whether plastic, paper or biodegradable, and covers all retailers.Evidence from Wales and Northern Ireland suggests that usage is likely to be cut by about 70%.

The Scottish environment secretary, Richard Lochhead, said:“Our carrier bag addiction is symptomatic of our throwaway culture and has serious implications for the environment.

“Huge numbers of these bags end up as litter, blighting our communities and clogging up our seas and natural habitats, affecting many sorts of wildlife and marine species in particular.”

Although proceeds (from the charge) belong to the retailer, Zero Waste Scotland, which is piloting the scheme, is encouraging shops to sign up to a voluntary agreement (to donate the extra money to good causes)( in Scotland) , particularly ones that benefit the environment.

Superdry, Marks & Spencer, the Co-operative Group and several other retailers have pledged to do so, with Tesco holding a public vote which decided to donate to the Keep Scotland Beautiful campaign.


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