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LECTURE 103 基本动词 KEEP 2

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2020年06月11日

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LECTURE 103 基本动词 KEEP 2

词组讲解

1. keep cool **保持沉着冷静

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:处于[沉着的、冷静的(cool)]状态

例 Your job interview with Mega-Big Chemicals is tomorrow, isn't it? My best advice to you is just to keep cool. One of the biggest things the interviewer looks for is how you perform under pressure. If he sees you're perturbed, that's a point against you.

2. keep house **当家,管理家务

解 习语;词义溯源:管理[房屋、家庭(house)]

例 You're so old-fashioned, Teresa. Your only aspiration in life is to marry a good man and keep house for him and your children? Come to your senses !This is the 21th century—no girl does that any more!

3. keep late hours **晚睡晚起;深夜不归

解 习语;词义溯源:保持到很晚

例 The first sign of Tom's delinquency was the people he was keeping company with . They were some of the lowlifes from the Monticello District—you know, rough and crude mannered. Next he started keeping late hours, coming home at three or four in the morning.

4. keep on doing sth. / keep on ***继续做(某事)

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[持续、不停歇地、不间断地(on)]维持做某事

例 Keep on bothering me and you'll never get permission to go out with that boy. I haven't said absolutely no yet—I'm still thinking about it. But if you bother me too much with your pleading, I'll say no for sure.

5. keep one's chin up **不气馁,不灰心

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:保持[下巴(chin)][向上(up)]

例 Do you want all the time and effort you've put into inventing this machine to come to naught ? That's what's going to happen if you don't keep your chin up. Don't let this one rejection discourage you. There are plenty of other companies I'm sure would be interested in your invention. Remember the proverb “If at first you fail...try, try again!”

巩固练习

(A) keep cool

(B) keep house

(C) keep...late hours

(D) keep on

(E) keep my chin up

1. A: Even when the bear was sniffing his feet, Grome remained calm and undisturbed. He just kept lying there and didn't make a move. B: He did the right thing. I've heard the best thing to do when you encounter a bear is to ______ and not move.

2. A: My father doesn't work—he was injured on his job three years ago. My mother brings home the bacon nowadays by working as a secretary. B: So who does all the cleaning and cooking and such? A: My father and I ______. You know, it's great for a father and son to work together—we've gotten close working together like that.

3. A: Don't stop now, Lynn. You've already invested four years of your life to medical school. Continue just one more year and you'll graduate. B: I can't ______ studying—my fiancé says he won't marry me if I become a doctor. He won't have a wife who earns more money than him.

4. A: How do you do it, Ming Hu? How do you stay awake and full of energy every day when you ______ such ______ studying? B: No problem. In my country, all students habitually stay awake studying very late into the night. I'm used to it.

5. A: For some people religious beliefs help them to avoid feeling sad, depressed and ready to quit when they are faced with disappointment or life's difficulties. B: Well as far as I'm concerned, I don't need religion to help me ______. I'm disciplined and confident—I never feel hopeless.

■ ANSWER

1. (A)

2. (B)

3. (D)

4. (C)

5. (E)

参考译文

I. 1. 你明天去美佳比格化工公司面试,是不是?我建议你最好保持冷静。面试官最关注的事情之一是你在压力下如何表现。如果他看到你忐忑不安,那可对你不利。

2. 你太老土了,特雷莎。难道你对生活唯一的渴望就只是嫁个好男人,为他和孩子们操持家务?清醒点吧!现在是21世纪——再也没有女孩会那么做了!

3. 首先,从汤姆结交的那些朋友就能看出他行为不良了。他们是蒙蒂塞洛区的下层人,你知道,他们又粗鲁又缺乏教养。其次,他开始深夜不归,凌晨三四点才回家。

4. 如果你继续烦我的话,就别想让我同意你跟那个男孩去约会。我没说绝对不行,我还在考虑。但是如果你没完没了地求我、烦我,我肯定不让你去。

5. 你想让自己花费在发明这台机器上的时间和精力都化为乌有吗?如果你灰心了,那就会是这样。别因为这一次被拒绝就气馁。我肯定还有许多公司会对你的发明感兴趣。还记得那句格言吗:“如果一开始失败了……要尝试,继续尝试!”

II. 1. A:即使熊在嗅格罗姆的脚,他也保持冷静沉着。他就躺在那儿,一动不动。B:他做得对。我听说当遇到熊的时候,最好保持冷静,不要动。

2. A:我爸爸不上班——三年前他受了工伤。现在靠我妈妈做秘书养家。B:那谁负责打扫卫生和做饭之类的家务呢?A:我爸爸和我料理家务。你知道吧,父亲和儿子一起做事真的很棒——我们一起做事的时候变得非常亲密。

3. A:不要现在就放弃,林恩。你已在医学院学了四年,再读一年,就能毕业了。B:我不能继续学习了——我的未婚夫说如果我以后当医生,他就不会娶我了。他不想娶一个比他赚得多的女人。

4. A:明虎,你熬夜学习,却每天都能保持清醒,精力充沛,你怎么做到的呢?B:没什么。在我们国家,所有学生都习惯学习到深夜。我已经习惯了。

5. A:对于一些人来说,宗教信仰可以帮他们在失望或遇到困难时,避免产生伤心、沮丧和想要放弃的情绪。B:对于我来说,我不需要宗教来帮我做到不灰心、不气馁。我自律、自信——永远不会感到绝望。


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