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LECTURE 109 基本动词 KEEP 8

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2020年06月12日

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LECTURE 109 基本动词 KEEP 8

词组讲解

1. keep up an act / keep up one's act **掩饰;做作;假装

解 习语;词义溯源:[向上(up)]维持[假装、掩饰(act)]的状态

例 Can you imagine the hell she must have lived through having to keep up an act just to please the public? I've heard she never even wanted to marry the prince anyway and that she hated him all her life. But, like I said, she never showed it and always appeared happily married in the public eye.

2. keep up with the Joneses / keep up **与人攀比

解 习语;词义溯源:与[琼斯家(the Joneses)]保持同步

例 The new measure of success in keeping up with the Joneses is leisure time. In the past possessions were the measure. But now that everybody has nice things, the focus has shifted to the amount of free time a person can afford to spend enjoying those nice things.

3. keep up with the times / keep up **知道新消息;与时俱进

解 习语;词义溯源:与[时代(the times)]一起继续前进

例 The Ministry of Education has issued a warning to school textbook publishers:“Keep up with the times or you will be replaced. ” The ministry put on display several high school science and biology books which had not been updated since their original editions were published in the early 1990's.

4. keep the ball rolling **使继续进行,不中断

解 习语;词义溯源:使[球(ball)]继续保持[转动(rolling)];参照get the ball rolling

例 The overhead light rail transit system (LRT) was started among an atmosphere of great expectations. Within five years some thirty stations were operating. However, the oil crisis and the resulting economic doldrums made funding difficult and the city was not able to keep the ball rolling.

5. keep your shirt 〔pants〕 on *别激动,冷静一下

解 俚语;词义溯源:维持[穿着(on)][衬衫(shirt)或裤子(pants)]的状态;通常被认为是一种无礼的表达

例 If you can just keep your shirt on, I'll explain everything to you and you'll see that I'm not trying to do a number on you. Okay? So just sit down. Anybody want coffee?

巩固练习

(A) keeping up an act

(B) keep up with the Joneses

(C) keep up with the times

(D) keep the ball rolling

(E) Keep your shirt on

1. A: Hey, I see you've bought a new fishing boat, Greg. Didn't your neighbor Mr. Howser buy a boat just a short while ago? Are you trying to ______? B: Give me a break . I'm not trying to compete with my neighbors by buying nice things. Fishing's my hobby, so a fishing boat is nice—that's all.

2. A: Principal Grant was really a warm and funny man. He wasn't the tough disciplinarian that you all thought he was. He was just ______ because he was the principal. B: And we boys needed a firm principal, right? I see. So he was just acting like he was tough, but wasn't really. He certainly fooled us all.

3. A: Some things should never have to ______ because they're already perfect the way they are. You know what I mean? B: Yes. You mean something like old churches with their beautiful architecture. If they tried to be contemporary or modern they'd lose their appeal.

4. A: We're going to need an additional $475,000 if we are to continue our progress. Any problems with that? B: Yes!You said $20,000 was enough to get the ball rolling and that you wouldn't need any further funding. Now you're asking for nearly half a million dollars just to ______. I have a major problem!

5. A: Just wait!And stop knocking!______ for God's sake! B: I've been waiting 8 minutes already! I've got to go to the bathroom—it's urgent, honey. Can't you dry your hair in another room?

■ ANSWER

1. (B)

2. (A)

3. (C)

4. (D)

5. (E)

参考译文

I. 1. 为取悦公众,她不得不掩饰自己,你能想象她所经历的痛苦吗?我听说她根本不想跟王子结婚,而且会一辈子都恨他。但是,正如我所说的,她从来没有表现出来,并且在公众眼中她表现得婚姻美满。

2. 衡量成功的新标准就是与别人比闲暇时间。过去人们比财产,而现在每个人的物质条件都好了,因此人们的注意力便转移到了到底一个人可以拿出多少时间来享受这些好的物质条件上来。

3. 教育部向学校教科书出版者发出警示:“跟上时代,否则将被淘汰。” 教育部还展出了几本高中的科学和生物书,这些书从20世纪90年代初首次出版以来就一直没有进行更新。

4. 高架轻轨铁路运输系统(LRT)在人们殷切的期望中开始运行。五年内大约30个车站使用了该系统。但是,石油危机以及由此导致的经济萧条使融资更加困难,LRT在城市中无法继续运行。

5. 如果大家能冷静一下,我会给你们解释清楚所有事情,到时候你们就会明白我并没有要伤害你们,好吗?那么请坐。有人想喝咖啡吗?

II. 1. A:嘿,格雷格,我看到你新买了一条渔船。你的邻居豪瑟先生不久前不是也买了船吗?你是想跟他攀比吗?B:你就饶了我吧,我才不会跟邻居攀比买东西呢。钓鱼是我的爱好,所以买条渔船很合用——仅此而已。

2. A:格兰特校长的确是个温和而风趣的人。他并不像你们认为的那样无情和严格。他只是在掩饰自己,因为他是校长。B:我们男孩子就需要一位严格的校长,不是吗?我明白。他只是假装很严厉,实际上并不是这样。他把我们都骗了。

3. A:有些东西永远不必与时俱进,因为它们本身已经很完美。你明白我的意思吗?B:是的。你指的是像老教堂这样漂亮的建筑。如果它们也变得时尚现代的话,就失去了原有的魅力。

4. A:要继续的话,我们就需要追加47. 5万美元。有没有问题?B:有!你说过2万美元足够开始实施,不需要更多资金的。现在你又说为了维持下去需要将近50万美元。我有大麻烦了!

5. A:等一下!别再敲了!看在上帝的份儿上,冷静点!B:我都等了八分钟了!我要上厕所——很急,亲爱的。你就不能去别的房间吹头发吗?


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