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基本动词KEEP补充词组

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2020年06月13日

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基本动词KEEP补充词组

1. keep 〔have〕 a civil tongue in one's head / keep a civil tongue **说话恭敬有礼貌

解 习语;词义溯源:头脑中保留[有礼的(civil)][言辞(tongue)]

例 Haven't your parents taught you to be polite and keep a civil tongue in your head, young man? 你父母没有教过你说话要有礼貌吗,年轻人?

2. keep an account of sth. **记录,记账

解 习语;词义溯源:对有关某物的[计算、数数(account)]进行记录、记账

例 Here's a record book for you to keep an account of all of the places you've been while you're traveling across Europe. 这个笔记本给你,你可以用来记录在欧洲旅行时去的所有地方。

3. keep body and soul together **仅能维持生活

解 习语;词义溯源:使[肉体和精神(body and soul)]保持[不分开(together)]

例 My job pays just enough to keep body and soul together. 我的工作只能够勉强维持生活。

4. keep good time **(钟表)准时

解 习语;词义溯源:维持[确切的(good)][时间(time)]

例 If your watch fails to keep good time, bring it back and we'll give you a new one or a full refund. 要是您的表走得不准的话,可以把它拿回来,我们给您换一块新的,或者全额退款。

5. keep off sth. / keep off ***(从某地方)远离,不接近

解 短语动词;词义溯源:与某物保持[远远地、脱离地(off)]的状态

例 Keep Off!This computer is to be used only by accounting personnel. 别动它!这台计算机只能由会计人员使用。

6. keep on with sth. / keep on ***继续(做某事)

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[继续(on)]维持;参照get on with

例 Iwant to urge you to keep on with your campaign until you have reached your goal no matter how hard it is to continue. 不论未来有多艰难,我都希望你能坚持搞这个活动,直到实现目标。

7. keep one's eye on the ball **盯着球;不放松警惕,不走神

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:保持[眼睛(eye)]在[球(ball)]上

例 Things happen quickly in today's business world and if you don't keep your eye on the ball, you are likely to miss out on many opportunities. 当今商场风云变幻,一不留神就会错过许多机会。

8. keep one's eyes open 〔peeled〕 for sb. or sth. / keep one's eyes open 〔peeled〕 **警惕;留心,注意

解 习语;词义溯源:对某人或某物保持眼睛[睁开(open, peeled)]的状态

例 I've been looking for a used fishing boat. Could you keep your eyes open and tell me if you see one? 我一直在找旧渔船。你能不能帮我留意一下?看到的话就告诉我。

9. keep one's hand in sth. / keep one's hand in **经常练习以保持熟练;继续保持对…的控制权

解 习语;词义溯源:维持对某物的[手、支配(hand)];参照take a hand in sth.

例 Even after he retires, the founder of Micro Tech plans to keep his hand in the operation of the company. 微技术的创始人即使在退休后,依然计划继续控制公司的运营。

10. keep one's own counsel **对意见(或计划)保密

解 习语;词义溯源:对自己的[意见、计划(counsel)]保守秘密

例 It is often wise for a computer programmer to keep his own counsel so that rivals can't learn what he is working on and steal his ideas. 计算机程序员最好对自己的计划保密,这样他的竞争者就无法得知他所做的工作,从而窃取他的创意。

11. keep 〔hold〕 one's temper **不生气;忍住怒火

解 习语;词义溯源:控制住[脾气、怒火(temper)]

例 No matter how angry the coach may make you, you must keep your temper if you want to remain on the team. 不管教练多让你生气,要是你还想留在队里的话,就不能发脾气。

12. keep one's weather eye open **密切注意;保持警惕

解 习语;词义溯源:使得[观测天气的眼睛(weather eye)]保持[睁着(open)]的状态

例 Police officers learn to keep their weather eye open at all times in order to survive. 为了生存,警员们学着时刻保持警惕。

13. keep〔stay〕 out of sth. / keep 〔stay〕 out ***不进入

解 短语动词;词义溯源:保持在外面的状态

例 Ineed everybody to keep out of the break room until the maintenance men finish painting. 维修人员刷完漆之前,我希望所有人不进入休息室。

14. keep quiet 〔still〕 about sb. or sth. / keep quiet 〔still〕 **不泄露秘密

解 习语;词义溯源:对于某人或某物保持[安静的、无声的(quiet)]状态

例 You had better keep quiet about this. Don't say anything to anybody what we've found. 你最好对此保持沉默。别告诉任何人我们发现了什么。

15. keep 〔have〕 sb. in stitches **使某人捧腹大笑

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:使某人处于[捧腹(in stitches)]的状态

例 Mr. Kilroy, our math teacher, tells a lot of jokes while he's teaching. It keeps us all in stitches and makes the class more interesting. 我们的数学老师基尔罗伊先生上课时会讲很多笑话,让全班人捧腹大笑,课也变得更加有趣。

16. keep sb. or sth. at a distance〔at arm's length〕 **对…不亲近,冷漠对待;与…保持距离

解 习语;词义溯源:与某人或某物保持[一段距离(at a distance)或一臂长的距离(at arm's length)];参照keep one's distance from sb. or sth.

例 Kathryn avoided getting friendly with the children, which led to her reputation as a strict teacher who kept her students at arm's length. 凯瑟琳总是避免对孩子们太过亲切,大家说她是个严师,与学生们保持距离。

17. keep 〔hold〕 sb. or sth. back / keep 〔hold〕 back sb. or sth. ***阻挡,妨碍,抑制;远离,不靠近;保留,隐藏(秘密、信息等)

解 短语动词;词义溯源:保留在[后面(back)]

例 Though the former president did reveal a few names, for the most part he kept back information on who had contributed to his illegal fund. 虽然前总统确实透露了几个人的名字,但他隐瞒了大部分为他提供非法资金的人员的信息。

18. keep time **跟上节奏;测量时间;(钟表)准时

解 习语;词义溯源:保持[节奏、速度、时间(time)]

例 The senior referee on the field keeps time on his own stopwatch during a soccer match. 在足球比赛中,场上的主裁判按自己的秒表计算时间。

19. keep watch on sb. or sth. / keep watch **监视,看守;放哨

解 习语;词义溯源:对某人或某物维持持续[放哨、监视(watch)]的状态

例 Could you keep watch on my desk and make sure no one takes anything while I go to the restroom? 你能否在我去洗手间的时候帮我照看一下桌子,确保不会有人拿走我的东西?

20. keep watch over sb. or sth. / keep watch **关注;照看

解 习语;词义溯源:对某人或某物保持[看守、监视(watch)]的状态

例 Some farmers still use scarecrows to keep watch over their crops and scare away birds that eat grains. 一些农民现在还用稻草人守护庄稼,吓走吃谷物的鸟。


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