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LECTURE 150 基本动词 STAND 2

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2020年06月27日

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LECTURE 150 基本动词 STAND 2

词组讲解

1. stand in for sb. / stand in ***暂时代替;(在电影中)做替身

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[代替(for)] 某人站在里面;stand-in表示“替身”

例 What a frustrating job it must be to have to memorize the whole script, go through all the practices and attend every performance, but never get to perform. How can you bear to be the “second” to another actress? You've been doing this for three years and you've never once had to stand in for her.

2. stand in one's way **挡路;妨碍,阻碍

解 习语;词义溯源:站在某人正在走的[路(way)]中间

例 You shouldn't let this stand in your way. You love each other and that's what matters most. I know it hurts you to know that you are not able to produce your own child, but you have to get over the hurt and think about the future. Adoption can give you the family you want.

3. stand on one's own two feet **独立自主

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:[用(on)]自己的双脚站立;参照get back on one's feet

例 There's nothing to be ashamed of, Chris. You don't have to feel ashamed to ask us to help you get back on your feet . We're your parents—that's what we're here for. Let us help you stand on your own two feet again.

4. stand 〔hold〕 one's ground **坚持立场,不退让

解 习语;词义溯源:坚持自己的[地盘、立场、意见(ground)]

例 Iwill not put up with boys wearing earrings in this school. I've allowed the long hair, the blue jean and sneakers they like to wear, but earrings is going too far. I'm putting my foot down and banning earrings before our school loses all appearances of discipline. And don't bother to argue this—I'll stand my ground.

5. stand out ***引人注目,脱颖而出

解 短语动词;词义溯源:站[出来(out)]

例 If there's one building in all of Seoul that you can say without a doubt stands out, it's the so-called “Yuk Sam Building,” which translates to “the 63 building. ”

巩固练习

(A) stand in for

(B) stand in my way

(C) stand on our own two feet

(D) stand my ground

(E) stands out

1. A: Though I'm strongly opposed to this marriage, don't worry about me doing something to prevent you from doing what you want to do. I'll respect your right to choose who you want to marry. B: Thanks, Dad. But I want more than a promise that you won't ______. I want to hear you say you'll stand behind me.

2. A: Your request is reasonable. I'd ______ if I were you. You're worth a $70,000 annual salary and the company knows it. Don't yield. B: You're saying the same thing my wife said, so I guess it's true. She told me to remain firm too.

3. A: This is the last year our company will receive financial support from the Victron Group. After this year, we'll have to ______. No more depending on the group to keep us alive. B: When you say that, you sound like you don't want to be independent. Personally, I'm overjoyed that we will not be dependent on anybody else.

4. A: He's an outstanding young man. He's so much better than the other. B: Yes, he certainly ______. His elder brother was an excellent basketball player too. I guess it runs in the family .

5. A: Mr. Jenkins. Excuse me sir, but Mr. Harley just called and asked me to ask you to ______ him at the board meeting. He's not able to be there. B: God damn it. This is the third time in this month he's made me do this for him because he couldn't be there.

■ ANSWER

1. (B)

2. (D)

3. (C)

4. (E)

5. (A)

参考译文

I. 1. 要记整个剧本,要做所有的练习,要参加每次演出,却从来不能上台,真是一份令人沮丧的工作。你怎么能忍受当别的女演员的 “后备”呢?你都干了三年了,却从来没代替她登过台。

2. 别被这件事阻碍。你们相爱,这才是最重要的。我知道不能生孩子对你们的伤害有多大,但是你们要克服这个伤害,考虑考虑未来。收养一个孩子也能给你们一个理想的家庭。

3. 没什么好惭愧的,克里斯。让我们帮你从头再来,你不必感到羞耻。我们是你的父母——这便是我们存在的意义。让我们帮你重新站稳脚跟吧。

4. 我不能忍受这所学校的男孩子戴耳环。我已经允许他们留长头发、穿他们喜欢的蓝色牛仔裤和运动鞋,但是戴耳环就太过分了。趁我们学校纪律严明的形象还没被毁,我会坚持我的立场,禁止戴耳环。这件事就不用争论了——我坚持我的立场。

5. 如果在首尔的所有建筑当中,你能毫不犹豫地说出一栋显著的建筑,那就是“Yuk Sam Building”,翻译成“63大厦”。

II. 1. A:尽管我强烈反对这场婚事,但不用担心我会做什么来阻止你做你想做的事情。我尊重你选择跟谁结婚的权利。B:谢谢,爸爸。但是,我不仅想听到你许诺不会阻碍我,更想听到你说你会支持我。

2. A:你的要求非常合理。如果我是你的话我也会坚持自己的立场。你应该得到7万美元的年薪,公司也知道这一点。别放弃。B:我妻子也是这么说的,所以我想你说得对。她也让我保持坚定的立场。

3. A:今年是我们公司最后一次获得维克特朗集团的资助。以后,我们将不得不自力更生,不再依赖集团生存。B:你这么说,听起来好像你并不想独立。就我个人而言,对于我们终于不用再依赖任何人,我感到非常高兴。

4. A:他是个出色的年轻人,比其他任何人都强。B:是的,他当然非常杰出。他哥哥也是一位优秀的篮球运动员。我想这是他们家的遗传。

5. A:詹金斯先生。很抱歉,哈里先生刚刚给我打过电话,让你代替他参加董事会议。他去不了了。B:讨厌。这是这个月第三次他因为无法参加而让我替他去了。


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