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基本动词TAKE补充词组

所属教程:英语词组全书

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2020年07月04日

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基本动词TAKE补充词组

1. take a dig 〔digs〕 at sb. * 挖苦

解 俚语;词义溯源:对某人做[影射、暗喻(dig)]

例 Pete and his roommate were always taking digs at each other, but everyone knew their insults were just lighthearted fun. 皮特和他的室友经常挖苦讽刺对方,但大家都明白他们的无礼只是轻松愉快的玩笑。

2. take 〔have〕 a hand in sth. ** 帮忙;干预

解 习语;词义溯源:对做某事伸出援助之[手(hand)]

例 The government has urged private businesses to take a hand in supporting educational reforms with donations of equipment and funds. 政府要求私人企业以捐助设备和资金的方式,参与支持教育改革。

3. take 〔have〕 a shot at sth. ** 射击;尝试去做

解 习语;词义溯源:[向(at)]某物做[发射、射击(shot)]

例 I'm not sure I can do this, but I've got to at least take a shot at it. 我不确定我能不能做这事,但是我至少应该试一下。

4. take 〔have〕 a spill ** 倒下,跌倒

解 习语;词义溯源:从(骑乘的工具)上[扔、掉(spill)]下来

例 You can expect to take a few spills the first time you go ice skating. 第一次滑冰的时候,你肯定会摔几跤的。

5. take a walk 〔hike〕 ** 散步;休息;离开

解 习语;词义溯源:去[走路(walk)或步行(hike)]

例 Anyone who comes to work drunk will be told to take a walk. 任何酒后上班的人都将被要求离职。

Norman tried to start an argument with me, so I told him to take a hike. 诺曼试图跟我争论,所以我让他走开。

6. take 〔have〕 a whack 〔wack〕 at sb. or sth. * 用力攻击;试一试

解 〈口〉 俚语;词义溯源:对某人或某事采取[重击、打击、试图、企图(whack, wack)]

例 Isaw Harris take a whack at Forrest, but I didn't see Forrest return the hit. 我看到哈里斯在使劲打福里斯特,但我没看到福里斯特还手。

7. take forty winks ** 小睡,打盹

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:做了40次[眨眼(winks)];forty winks意译为“困乏,打盹,午睡”

例 You look tired, Bob. Why don't you lie down in the employee break room and take forty winks? 你看起来很疲惫,鲍勃。你干脆到员工休息室去小睡一会儿吧。

8. Take it away! * (电台或电视台用来开始广播或播放的信号语)开始播放

解 俚语;词义溯源:[马上、立刻(away)]做

例 The band was introduced by Johnny Carson, who told them “Take it away, boys!” 约翰尼·卡森介绍了乐队后,跟他们说:“开始演奏吧,孩子们!”

9. take off after sb. or sth. / take out after *** 追赶,追捕

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[在后面(after)]把某人或某物带[走(off)]

例 The police officer released his dog and it took off after the man who failed to heed the officer's calls for him to stop. 那个人没有听从警察让他停下的命令,于是警察放开警犬来追捕他。

10. take off ** 休假,休息

解 习语;词义溯源:从[职场、公司、办公室(work)]带[走(off)]

例 You want to take Friday off from work? No way!You've already missed three days of work this month. 你周五想要请假吗?没门!你这个月已经有三个工作日没上班了。

11. take off on sth. / launch forth on sth. / launch forth *** 提起某事,开始议论

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[针对(on)]某事做[推进(off)]

例 Don't mention politics when you're around Ted or he'll take off on the topic and talk and talk and talk! 你在跟泰德交谈的时候不要谈论政治话题,否则他会从这个话题开始不停地说!

12. take part in sth. / take part ** 参与,参加

解 习语;词义溯源:在某事中承担[作用(part)]或与某事有[联系、关系(part)]

例 Coach Daly urged us not to participate in sports exclusively, but to take part in as many of the other extracurricular activities as possible. 戴利教练要求我们不要只参加体育活动,而应该尽可能多地参加其他课外活动。

13. take 〔have〕 pity on sb. or sth. ** 怜悯,同情

解 习语;词义溯源:对某人或某事做出[遗憾、怜悯、同情(pity)]的行为

例 He took pity on a beggar outside the hotel, and handed him a dollar bill each time he passed him. 他非常同情酒店外面的乞讨者,每次经过的时候都会给他一美元钞票。

14. take sb. for sb. ** 将某人误认为某人

解 习语;词义溯源:认为某人是另外的某人

例 You must take me for an idiot if you think I'm going to believe the incredible story. 如果你觉得我会相信那个令人难以置信的故事的话,那你就是拿我当白痴了。

15. take sb. in *** 欺骗

解 短语动词;词义溯源:把某人拿[进来(in)]

例 Louden was taken in by the bird's strong wings and beautiful call but he didn't have the money to buy it no matter how much he liked it. 劳登被那只鸟强壮的翅膀和优美的叫声吸引了进来。尽管他非常喜欢它,但是没有钱买。

16. take sb. or sth. apart / take apart sb. or sth. *** 拆分;粗暴对待

解 短语动词;词义溯源:将某人作为[例外(apart)]或者[区分(apart)]对待;作“粗暴对待”讲时是口语

例 Never take an appliance apart unless you unplug it first. 一定要在切断电源之后再拆开电器。

17. take sb. or sth. back / take back sb. or sth. *** 归还;接回;取消,撤回

解 短语动词;词义溯源:取[回(back)]某人或某物或者将某人或某物放在[后面(back)]

例 The U. S. government gave the Apache Indians the land, but took it back 50 years later. 美国政府给了阿帕切族印第安人这片土地,50年后又把它收回了。

The store can not take back undergarments or shoes that have been worn. 这家商店不同意顾客退回已穿过的内衣或鞋子。

18. take sb. or sth. in / take in sb. or sth. *** 观察到,注意到;留宿;吸收

解 短语动词;词义溯源:将某人或某物拿[进来(in)]

例 If you haven't taken in Johnson's latest movie Captured, you should go and see it this weekend. 如果你还没有去看约翰逊的新电影《捕获》,那最好这周末去看。

19. take sb. or sth. on / take on sb. or sth. *** 承担(责任等);具有某种(性质、特征等)

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[带着或随身携带(on)]某人或某物

例 Before I took on the responsibilities of this position, I asked myself, “Can I undertake this job with equanimity?” 在我接受这个职务之前,我问自己:“我能够淡定地接受这份工作吗?”

20. take sb. out / take out sb. *** 带某人出去(约会)

解 短语动词;词义溯源:把某人带[出去(out)]

例 If you don't call Janet and take her out, I know a lot of other guys who want to have a date with her who will. 如果你不打电话给珍妮特约她出来,我知道有很多人想要跟她约会,而且他们会这么做。

21. take sth. out / take out sth. *** 除去,去掉;拿出,取出;消灭,摧毁

解 短语动词;词义溯源:把某物拿[出去(out)]

例 There are 20 working days this month, taking out weekends and holidays. 除去周末和假日,本月还有20个工作日。

22. take sth. off / take off sth. / take off *** 拿掉,脱下;扣除;(飞机)起飞

解 短语动词;词义溯源:将某物拿[掉、走 (off)]

例 In some Asian countries it is custo-mary to take your shoes off before entering a home. 在某些亚洲国家,进家门之前脱掉鞋子是一种风俗习惯。

23. take a day off ** 一天不上班,休一天假

解 习语;词义溯源:考虑[休息(off)]一天

例 I'm sorry, but Mr. Waters is not in the office today. He took a day off. Can I help you? 很抱歉,沃特斯先生今天不上班,他请假了。有什么可以帮您的吗?

24. take the rap for sb. or sth. / take the rap * 承担刑事责任,受责难

解 俚语;词义溯源:为了某人或某事而接受 [批评、惩罚、刑事上的责任(rap)];尤其用于犯罪方面

例 Rather than seeing his son go to jail, Smith confessed to the murder and took the rap for him. 史密斯不想眼睁睁看着自己的儿子进监狱,于是他承认谋杀,替儿子背黑锅。

25. take the starch out of sb. ** 使失去信心,使泄气

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:拿走某人的[难为情、拘束、固执、精力(starch)]

例 His failing grade on the mid-term exam surely took the starch out of arrogant Paul Smith, didn't it? 高傲的保罗·史密斯这次期中考试成绩不及格肯定感到非常泄气,对不对?

26. take to sb. or sth. *** 喜欢,被吸引

解 〈口〉短语动词;词义溯源:被某人或某物迷住

例 Much to our surprise, my dog and his cat took to each other and used to play around together in the back yard. 令我们吃惊的是,我家的狗和他家的猫喜欢上了对方,并且经常在后院一起玩。

27. take turns at doing sth. / take turns doing sth. / take turns ** 依次,轮流

解 习语;词义溯源:做[次序、顺序、工作(时间)上的交换(turn)]

例 Since there is only one bicycle and four of us, I suggest we take turns riding it. 由于只有一辆自行车,而我们有四个人,所以我建议我们轮流骑。

28. take up one's abode ** 扎根在某地生活,定居

解 习语;词义溯源:某人[明确(up)]做决定在某处 [定居、居住(abode)];这是一种生硬的表达方法;take up表示确定(住处、居所)

例 Before you take up your abode in a rented apartment, let me show some houses you could afford to buy. 在你住进租来的公寓之前,我先给你介绍几栋你能买得起的房子吧。

29. take up with sb. *** 开始与…交往

解 短语动词;词义溯源:与某人一起向[上(up)]

例 At around the age of 14, Derrick took up with some older boys who were known to be involved in gangs and drugs. 大约14岁的时候,德里克开始与一些年龄大的男孩子一起鬼混,据说这些人涉及帮派和贩毒活动。


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