考研英语 学英语,练听力,上听力课堂! 注册 登录
> 考研英语 > 考研英语阅读 >  内容

《考研英语阅读理解100篇 高分版》 Unit 12 - TEXT TWO

所属教程:考研英语阅读

浏览:

qinting

2019年02月09日

手机版
扫描二维码方便学习和分享

Mobile phones are making life better for people in remote, underserved areas of India. They no longer have to walk kilometers to public call offices to use a telephone—an essential tool for buying and selling goods based on the latest market data, getting credit from lenders and other commonplace activities. So far, most of the benefits have come from one of the phone's simplest features: voice calls.
With more than 250 million mobile users and 6 million new ones added each month, India now has the “teledensity” to support more sophisticated mobile technologies, which could have a big impact on Indian society and the economy in the next few years. These include “voice broadcast” services that would let a truck owner inform residents of a village about a scheduled trip to the city, or doctors announce the availability of polio vaccinations. A more complex system would allow a small business, say, to keep track of shipments. What's holding up these services is the lack of mobile banking.
With urban markets nearing saturation, global giants like Nokia are now looking to appeal to the hinterlands. Reliance Communications, which has offered Internet service over its mobile phones since 2002, is sponsoring a contest this year for developers to invent new rural services. “We want to really take advantage of our mobile platform, our data network, and our ability to provide the mobile Internet experience to bridge the digital divide,” says Mahesh Prasad, president of applications and development.
Several small companies are at work on mobile banking for small businesses. New Delhi-based ekgaon technologies has developed a system for tracking transactions made by so-called Self Help Groups, which pool members' money and offer small loans to poor people. The system uses a camera-equipped mobile phone to scan forms and a voice recognition system. A.Little.World, a mobile software business in Mumbai, has developed a microfinance and payment system that lets customers perform banking transactions through a local agent affiliated with a bank. Customers get a secure electronic identity via phone or smart card; agents take deposits and dispense cash. Biometric data, such as fingerprints, make the phones and smart cards more secure than paper-based banking. A.Little.World has extended such services to about 400 local businesses acting as agents. And it's now working on a national rollout with the State Bank of India—the biggest player in the rural market. Meanwhile, ekgaon, whose partners include CARE, WorldVision and the World Bank, has a pilot transaction-management system for 10,000 Self Help Groups, with plans to extend it to 14 Indian states.
Mobile banking services can reduce the cost of transactions for loans and other services—the main obstacle to providing banking for the poor—by as much as three quarters, according to ekgaon's chief operating officer Rohit Magotra. Mobile transactions could have an even broader effect applied to India's social-security payments and public distribution system, which sells essential goods to the poor at subsidized rates. By March 2008, people in 8,000 villages in Andhra Pradesh will get their benefits zapped via mobile phone to their smart cards, which they may eventually use instead of cash to buy goods at the ration shop. A.Little.World, which is building the system, says a nationwide service could help reduce fraud in the public distribution system. It would also mean going from a bankless world to a cashless one, maybe even faster than America or Europe.
1. Which one of the following statements is NOT true of the “voice broadcast” services?
[A] The services are oriented to the needs of people in rural area.
[B] The services are based on sophisticated mobile technologies.
[C] The services have great impact on the Indian society.
[D] The services are on the horizon by implementing mobile banking.
2. Global giants like Nokia are turning their focus on the rural areas because _____.
[A] they want to bridge the digital gap between urban and rural areas
[B] people in the rural areas are becoming prosperous and are eager to take advantage of the mobile technology
[C] they have almost exhausted the potential of urban markets
[D] the technologies for services of rural areas are now well developed
3. The system developed by A.Little.World. is more secure than the traditional banking because _____.
[A] it adopts the fingerprints as the security data
[B] it uses a voice-recognition system
[C] it gives each customer an electronic ID
[D] it uses a biometric recognition system
4. Mobile banking services have the following advantages except _____.
[A] reducing the cost of transactions
[B] reducing fraud in public service
[C] making the poor's life more convenient
[D] diminishing the function of cash
5. The passage is mainly about _____.
[A] the use of mobile phone in India
[B] India's mobile technologies
[C] mobile banking services in India
[D] the development of mobile transactions

1. Which one of the following statements is NOT true of the “voice broadcast” services?
[A] The services are oriented to the needs of people in rural area.
[B] The services are based on sophisticated mobile technologies.
[C] The services have great impact on the Indian society.
[D] The services are on the horizon by implementing mobile banking.
1. 关于“语音广播”服务,下列哪个陈述是错误的?
[A] 该服务是针对偏远的农村地区人们的需要而设立的。
[B] 该服务基于复杂的移动技术。
[C] 该服务对印度社会产生了重大影响。
[D] 该服务很快就会通过实行移动电话银行来实现。
答案:C 难度系数:☆☆☆☆
分析:细节题。文章第二段提到了“语音广播”服务,因为提到的都是农村,那么选项A的表述是正确的。选项B,第二段提到了印度目前的电话覆盖已经可以支持更为复杂的移动技术了,而其中一个就是语音广播服务。选项C,文中介绍的该服务只是在农村地区的情况,而不是整个社会那么大的范围,因此C的描述过于广泛,实际情况在文中没有提及。选项D的表述也是正确的,因为文中一直用将来时来谈论这些技术。因此,选项C为正确答案。
2. Global giants like Nokia are turning their focus on the rural areas because _____.
[A] they want to bridge the digital gap between urban and rural areas
[B] people in the rural areas are becoming prosperous and are eager to take advantage of the mobile technology
[C] they have almost exhausted the potential of urban markets
[D] the technologies for services of rural areas are now well developed
2. 像诺基亚这样的全球性大公司将他们的注意力转向了农村地区,因为 _____。
[A] 他们希望可以弥合城乡之间的数字鸿沟
[B] 农村地区的人们变得更加富裕,他们渴望能够利用移动技术
[C] 他们几乎已经完全开发尽了城市市场的潜力
[D] 为农村地区服务的技术现在已经成熟了
答案:C 难度系数:☆☆☆
分析:细节题。文章第三段提到:With urban markets nearing saturation, global giants like Nokia are now looking to appeal to the hinterlands. 即随着城市市场趋于饱和,他们才转向农村地区的,这说明城市市场的潜力已经开发得差不多了。所以选项C最符合题意。其他三项显然都不是诺基亚这样的企业的目的。
3. The system developed by A.Little.World. is more secure than the traditional banking because _____.
[A] it adopts the fingerprints as the security data
[B] it uses a voice recognition system
[C] it gives each customer an electronic ID
[D] it uses a biometric recognition system
3. “小世界”研发的系统比传统的银行作业更为安全,因为 _____。
[A] 它使用了指纹作为安全数据
[B] 它使用了语音识别系统
[C] 每个顾客可以取得电子身份
[D] 它使用了生物识别系统
答案:D 难度系数:☆☆☆
分析:细节题。文章第四段提到,“小世界”研发的这个系统因为使用了一些生物统计数据,例如指纹,这使电话和智能卡比纸媒银行业务更加安全。那么,选项D最为符合题意。选项A的错误在于,指纹只是其中一个例子,并不是唯一的做法。B不是“小世界”系统的特点。而选项C的表述虽然是“小世界”的 特点,却并不是其安全的直接原因。
4. Mobile banking services have the following advantages except _____.
[A] reducing the cost of transactions
[B] reducing fraud in public service
[C] making the poor's life more convenient
[D] diminishing the function of cash
4. 移动银行服务有除了下面 _____ 外的所有优点。
[A] 降低交易费用
[B] 减少在公共服务中的诈骗行为
[C] 使穷人的生活更为便捷
[D] 取消现金的作用
答案:D 难度系数:☆☆☆
分析:细节题。第五段提到了该服务的一些优点,比如可以减少交易费用;穷人的补贴直接打入智能卡,可以直接用智能卡去配给商店买东西;可以减少公共分配体系中的诈骗行为。因此,选项A、B和C都是该服务的优点,只有选项D不是。
5. The passage is mainly about _____.
[A] the use of mobile phone in India
[B] India's mobile technologies
[C] mobile banking services in India
[D] the development of mobile transactions
5. 这篇文章主要是关于 _____。
[A] 移动电话在印度的使用
[B] 印度的移动技术
[C] 印度的移动电话银行服务
[D] 移动交易的发展
答案:C 难度系数:☆
分析:主旨题。这篇文章主要讲述了印度对移动电话服务的探索和创新,谈论的内容一直围绕着mobile banking来进行,因此选项中只有C最为符合题意。选项A、B以及D的表述都过于宽泛,不够确切。

移动电话可以改善印度那些地处偏远、服务设施不完善地区人们的生活。他们不再需要步行几公里到公共电话厅打电话了,而电话是他们根据最新的市场信息买卖货物、从银行获取贷款或者从事其他日常活动的最基本工具。迄今,大部分的补贴都是通过电话最简单的功能——语音服务来解决的。
印度有超过2.5亿的移动电话用户,而且每个月还有600万新增用户。现在印度的“电话覆盖”已经可以支持更加复杂的移动技术,这在未来的几年内会对印度的社会、经济都产生巨大的影响。这其中包括“语音广播”服务,卡车主可以通过该服务通知村民们到城里的计划行程;医生们也可以通知脊髓灰质炎疫苗到货;更为复杂的系统可以让小公司跟踪货运情况。而目前这些服务的障碍就在于没有移动电话银行。
随着城市市场趋于饱和,一些国际大公司(如诺基亚)现在对偏远地区产生了兴趣。“信任通讯”自2002年以来就一直通过移动电话来提供因特网服务,它今年还赞助了一个竞赛,鼓励开发商发明新的郊区服务。“我们确实想要利用我们的移动平台、数据网络以及提供移动电话上网服务的经验来弥合数字鸿沟。”应用和开发部经理Mahesh Prasad说道。
几家小公司已经在为小型企业研制移动电话银行了。位于新德里的ekgaon技术公司已经研发出了一个系统来跟踪“自助集团”的交易,该公司把会员的资金收集起来,为穷人提供小额贷款。该系统使用了一种装有照相机的移动电话来扫描图形,还使用了一种语音识别系统。“小世界”是孟买的一家小型移动软件公司,目前已经研制出了一套微型金融和支付系统,可以让顾客通过银行附属的本地代理商来进行银行交易。顾客通过电话或智能卡获得安全的电子身份,代理商收取存款和发放现金。生物统计数据,比如指纹,使电话和智能卡比纸媒银行业务更加安全。“小世界”已经将这类服务扩展到了约四百家作为代理商的本地企业,且目前正在与印度国家银行一起策划一次全国范围的展出,而国家银行是农村市场的最大玩家。同时,拥有CARE、WorldVision和世界银行这些合作伙伴的ekgaon拥有可以为一万家“自助集团”服务的交易管理系统,它计划将其扩展到印度的14个州。
据ekgaon的首席运营官Rohit Magotra称,移动银行服务最多可以将贷款和其他服务交易费用减少3/4,而交易费用是为穷人提供银行服务的最主要障碍。移动电话交易有更为广泛的作用,可以用于印度的社会保障支付和公共分配系统,该系统以补助价格将基本物品卖给穷人。到2008年3月,Andhra Pradesh的8,000个村庄的居民都可以通过移动电话将他们的补贴打入智能卡中,然后用智能卡而不再是现金到定量配给商店购买商品。“小世界”正在建立这种系统,它认为全国性的服务有助于减少公共分配体系中的欺诈行为,还意味着可以从无银行的世界进入无现金的世界,印度可能会比美国或欧洲更早实现这个转变。
用手机学英语,请加听力课堂微信公众号:tingclass123
用户搜索

疯狂英语 英语语法 新概念英语 走遍美国 四级听力 英语音标 英语入门 发音 美语 四级 新东方 七年级 赖世雄 zero是什么意思

  • 频道推荐
  • |
  • 全站推荐
  • 广播听力
  • |
  • 推荐下载
  • 网站推荐