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新概念英语第三册逐句精讲语言点 第3课 无名女神 (1)

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2015年11月03日

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  An unknown goddess

  无名女神

  Some time ago, and interesting discovery was made by archaeologists on the Aegean island of Kea. An American team explored a temple which stands in an ancient city on the promontory of Ayia Irini. The city at one time must have been prosperous, for it enjoyed a high level of civilization. Houses-often three storeys high-were built of stone. They had large rooms with beautifully decorated walls. The city was equipped with a drainage system, for a great many clay pipes were found beneath the narrow streets.

  The temple which the archaeologists explored was used as a place of worship from the fifteenth century B.C. until Roman times. In the most sacred room of temple, clay fragments of fifteen statues were found.

  1.Some time ago, and interesting discovery was made by archaeologists on the Aegean island of Kea.

  不久之前,在爱琴海的基亚岛上,考古工作者们有一项有趣的发现。

  archaeologist:n.( archaeologist的名词复数 ) 考古学家;

  [例句]Other archaeologists are sceptical about his findings.

  其他考古学家对他的发现表示怀疑。

  语言点1:句子结构分析:some time ago作时间状语。Was made是一般过去时的被动语态。On the Aegean island of Kea作地点状语。

  语言点2:由some time ago拓展学习与时间有关的短语:

  Ahead of time 提前

  At one time 曾经

  At a time 一次

  Each time 每一次

  For the time being 暂时

  2.An American team explored a temple which stands in an ancient city on the promontory of Ayia Irini.

  一个美国考古队在阿伊亚·依里尼海角的一座古城里考察了一座庙宇。

  explored

  v. 开发;探寻(explore的过去分词);冒险

  adj. 勘探过的

  例句:

  There are still places in the Amazon jungle that have not been explored.

  在亚马逊河丛林还有一些没有被人探索过的地方。

  promontory ['prɔməntəri]

  n. 岬,海角;隆起,隆突

  例句:

  As well as if a promontory were.

  如果冲走一个海岬也是这样。

  语言点1:句子结构分析:which引导定语从句,修饰temple,说明庙宇的具体位置。One the promontory of Ayia Irini是地点状语。

  语言点2:stand in表示“位于/处于…地方”,由此可以总结学习以下短语:

  Stand in/at/on 耸立在(高处)

  Lie in/at/on 位于(低处)

  Be situated in/at/on 坐落于(方向)

  3.The city at one time must have been prosperous, for it enjoyed a high level of civilization.

  这座古城肯定一定很繁荣,因为它曾享有高度的文明。

  prosperous ['prɔspərəs]

  adj. 繁荣的;兴旺的

  例句:

  Welcome the Chinese New Year was coming in Melbourne time, I wish that we will be a prosperous year! Cheer!

  欢迎中国农历新年即将来临,在墨尔本时间,我想我们将是一个繁荣的一年!欢呼!

  civilization [,sivilai'zeiʃən, -li'z-]

  n. 文明;文化

  例句:

  Science is the bridge to civilization.

  科学是通向文明的桥梁。

  语言点1:句子结构分析:must have been是对过去的推测。For引导原因状语从句,说明古城繁荣的原因。

  语言点2:enjoy a high level of表示“享有高度的…”。“sb.+enjoy”表示“某人喜欢/享受”,“sth.+enjoy”则表示“拥有”,enjoy在此相当于have。

  例句支持:

  Hongkong and Macao enjoy a high level of autonomy.香港和澳门都享有高度的自治权。

  China enjoys/has a long and glorious history of over 5000 years.中国享有5000多年悠久灿烂的历史。

  4.Houses-often three storeys high-were built of stone.

  房子一般有3层楼高,用石块修建。

  语言点1:句子结构分析:often three storeys high在此起到分隔主谓语的作用,实际上是作houses的定语。Were built of为被动语态,说明房屋是由什么材料建造的。

  语言点2:sth.be built of sth.表示“某物由(可看见的单一)材料建造而成”。

  例句支持:

  The school room is built of wood. 这所学校的校舍是由木头建造的。

  5.They had large rooms with beautifully decorated walls.

  里面房间很大,墙壁装饰华丽。

  decorated ['dekəreitid]

  adj. 装饰的,修饰的

  v. 装饰,修饰(decorate的过去式和过去分词形式)

  例句:

  They decorated the house regardless of cost.

  他们不惜成本装饰这栋房子。

  语言点1:句子结构分析:with引导介词短语,作定语,修饰rooms。

  语言点2:本句可以用一个定语从句改写:They had large rooms with walls that were beautifully decorated.

  6.The city was equipped with a drainage system, for a great many clay pipes were found beneath the narrow streets.

  城里甚至还铺设了排水系统,因为在狭窄的街道底下发现了许许多多陶土制作的排水管道。

  equipped

  v. 装备;预备(equip的过去分词);整装

  例句:

  The Afghan police, corrupt and poorly equipped, are often part of the problem rather than the solution.

  阿富汗警察,腐败并且装备落后,通常是问题的一部分,而不是去解决问题。

  drainage ['dreinidʒ]

  n. 排水;排水系统;污水;排水面积

  例句:

  Never pipe the discharge line directly into a drainage ditch, sewer or sump.

  不要把排泄管直接插入排泄地漏、污水管或污水坑里。

  clay [klei]

  n. 粘土;泥土;肉体;似黏土的东西

  vt. 用黏土处理

  例句:

  Compress this clay into a small ball.

  把这块粘土压缩成一个小球。

  beneath [bi'ni:θ]

  prep. 在…之下

  adv. 在下方

  例句:

  He wore a woolen vest beneath his shirt.

  他在衬衫里面穿了件毛背心。

  语言点1:句子结构分析:be equipped with是典型的被动语态,强调古城配备了什么。For引导原因状语从句,说明排水系统存在的原因。

  语言点2:was even equipped with和clay pipes were found都是被动语态。请大家注意英文和中文在表达上的差异:英文表达遵循的是“最重要的先说”原则,强调动作的承受者,多用被动语态;而中文则习惯于强调动作的执行者,再在其后补充说明施动对象。

  7.The temple which the archaeologists explored was used as a place of worship from the fifteenth century B.C. until Roman times.

  考古工作者考查的这座庙宇从公元前15世纪直至罗马时代一直都是祭祀祈祷的场所。

  temple ['templ]

  n. 庙宇;寺院;神殿;太阳穴

  例句:

  A stone hit him on the temple.

  一块石头击中了他的太阳穴。

  worship ['wə:ʃip]

  n. 崇拜;礼拜;尊敬

  vt. 崇拜;尊敬;爱慕

  vi. 拜神;做礼拜

  例句:

  Freedom of worship was a primary guarantee .

  做礼拜自由是一项基本保证。

  语言点1:句子结构分析:which引导的定语从句修饰temple。Was used是一般过去时的被动语态。As a place of worship作主语temple的补足语。From the fifteenth century B.C.until Roman times为时间状语。

  语言点2:总结学习一组关于时间的缩写:

  B.C.=Before Christ 公元前

  A.C.=Ante Christum 公元前

  A.D.=Anno Domini 公元

  A.M.=Ante Meridiem 上午

  P.M.=Post Meridiem 下午

  语言点3:sth.be used as a place of sth.指的是“某地被当作一个做某事的地方”,sth.be not used as a place of sth.指的是“某地不被当作做某事的地方”。

  8.In the most sacred room of temple, clay fragments of fifteen statues were found.

  在庙中最神圣的一间殿堂里发现了15尊陶制雕像的碎片。

  sacred ['seikrid]

  adj. 神的;神圣的;宗教的;庄严的

  例句:

  Can come

  可以来到神圣的时刻。

  语言点1:句子结构分析:in the most sacred room of the temple作地点状语。Were found为一般过去时的被动语态。

  语言点2:the most sacred room 这个短语中的the most sacreds sacred的最高形式,必须加定冠词the。

  例句支持:

  Lhasa is the most sacred place of Tibetan buddhism.

  拉萨是藏传佛教中最为神圣的地方。


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